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Archive for the ‘Vegan Diet’ Category

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It was stunning some time ago to learn that Bill Clinton was getting meat off his plate, now the update on CNN is encouraging and morever the many people who think that going vegan is nutties’ privilege will have to reconsider. While President Obama didnt keep his word about giving some space to the Animal Rights and Veganism, Mr Bill Clinton has been doing something that he probably never thought he would. So goes our world..

Watch the video about the Dietary Education of Bill Clinton. He recongnises himself as a Vegan now, not eating any animal product, nor fish, milk nor dairies, although during last Thanksgiving he had a bite of turkey. Well done Mr Clinton !!

The video on CNN HERE  – copied below

FRANCAIS :

L’ancien Président des USA, Bill Clinton avait pris la décision de devenir végétaLien après des ennuis de santé. Quelques années plus tard, il nous ravit en faisant le compte rendu de son nouveau mode d’alimentation, et admet dans l’interview publiée par CNN qu’il se considère comme “VégétaLien” puisqu’il ne mange plus aucun produit animal, ni sous produits d’animaux, ni poissons, ni oeufs, ni laitages et produits laitiers. Bravo Monsieur Clinton, merci pour un témoignage qui fera réfléchir tous ceux qui pensent encore qu’être VégétaLien appartient aux personnes bizarres.  Ce qi est bizarre est que le Président Obama n’a tenu aucune des promesses faites publiquement aux Vegans mais qu’un homme comme Bill Clinton ait fait ce qu’il n’aurait jamais pensé faire un jour : cesser la consommation des animaux.. Ainsi va notre monde..

L’interview complète sur CNN et la vidéo :  De Mangeur de Viandes à VégétaLien

http://i.cdn.turner.com/cnn/.element/apps/cvp/3.0/swf/cnn_416x234_embed.swf?context=embed_edition&videoId=health/2011/08/18/clinton.vegan.diet.cnn

CNN :

By the time he reached the White House, Bill Clinton’s appetite was legend. He loved hamburgers, steaks, chicken enchiladas, barbecue and french fries but wasn’t too picky. At one campaign stop in New Hampshire, he reportedly bought a dozen doughnuts and was working his way through the box until an aide stopped him.

Former President Clinton now considers himself a vegan. He’s dropped more than 20 pounds, and he says he’s healthier than ever. His dramatic dietary transformation took almost two decades and came about only after a pair of heart procedures and some advice from a trusted doctor.

His dietary saga began in 1993, when first lady Hillary Clinton decided to inaugurate a new, healthier diet for her husband. In a meeting, she asked Dr. Dean Ornish to work with the White House chefs, who were accustomed to high fat, French cuisine.

Ornish: Asking the right questions about health care

Even with the revamped White House menu, Clinton battled his weight throughout his two terms as president. At his annual physical in 1999, the White House physician noted the president had put on 18 pounds since a checkup two years earlier. The prescription: refocus on exercise and a low-calorie diet.

Clinton didn’t know it, but weight was not his biggest health concern. The 42nd president has a family history of heart disease, and plaque was building up in the coronary arteries leading to his heart, undetected by White House doctors.

American Heart Association: Learn and live

In 2004, less than four years after leaving office, the 58-year-old Clinton felt what he described as a tightness in his chest as he returned home from New Orleans, where he was promoting his memoir, “My Life.” Days later, he underwent quadruple bypass surgery to restore blood flow to his heart.

“I was lucky I did not die of a heart attack,” Clinton told CNN’s Dr. Sanjay Gupta. After the surgery, the former president cut down on his calories and lowered the cholesterol in his diet, but his heart troubles were not over.

Last year, the former president went to Haiti to support the relief efforts but he felt weak. When he returned home, he learned he needed another heart procedure: two stents to open one of the veins from his bypass surgery, which had become, in Clinton’s words, “pretty bent and ugly.”

Ornish recalls meeting with Clinton a few days after his angioplasty. “I shared with him that because of his genetics, moderate changes in diet and lifestyle weren’t enough to keep his disease from progressing. However, our research showed that more intensive changes change actually reverse progression of heart disease in most people.”

Will you have a heart attack? These tests can tell

“I told him, ‘The friends that mean the most to me are the ones that tell me what I need to hear, not necessarily what I want to hear. And you need to know your genes are not your fate. And I say this not to blame you but to empower you. And I’m happy to work with you to whatever extent you want,'” Ornish recalled. They met a few days later, he said.

Clinton then decided to make profound changes in the way he eats.

“I essentially concluded that I had played Russian roulette,” Clinton said, “because even though I had changed my diet some and cut down on the caloric total of my ingestion and cut back on much of the cholesterol in the food I was eating, I still — without any scientific basis to support what I did — was taking in a lot of extra cholesterol without knowing if my body would produce enough of the enzyme to support it, and clearly it didn’t or I wouldn’t have had that blockage. So that’s when I made a decision to really change.”

The former president now says he consumes no meat, no dairy, no eggs, almost no oil.

“I like the vegetables, the fruits, the beans, the stuff I eat now,” Clinton told Gupta.

The former president’s goal is to avoid any food that could damage his blood vessels. His dietary guides are Ornish and Dr. Caldwell Esselstyn Jr., who directs the cardiovascular prevention and reversal program at The Cleveland Clinic Wellness Institute. Both doctors have concluded that a plant-based diet can prevent and, in some cases, actually reverse heart disease.

“All my blood tests are good, and my vital signs are good, and I feel good, and I also have, believe it or not, more energy,” Clinton said. His latest goal: getting his weight down to 185, what he weighed when he was 13 years old.

Clinton is trying to spread his newfound zeal for healthy eating to children. The Clinton Foundation has teamed up with the American Heart Association and is helping 12,000 schools promote exercise and offer better lunches so decades from now, today’s children will not face the same heart troubles he has.

“It’s turning a ship around before it hits the iceberg, but I think we’re beginning to turn it around,” Clinton said.

Watch Sanjay Gupta MD Saturday and Sunday at 7:30am ET. For the latest from Sanjay Gupta MD click here.

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Dogs can eat Vegan too !

This is one of the most complete article about Vegan dogs. Our 3 pets are vegan so were our 2 companions who passed away 2 years ago. They both lived to the age of 16 and 14, had never been sick during their entire life.  Anyone who is vegan and finds it difficult to feed their dogs on animal meats will find all the answers from an awsome vegan activist, poet author and vegan chef  http://www.veganpoet.com/index.htm

Our vegan pets sleeping after on afternoon playing – they enjoy vegan food ..

Dogs are honest about their feelings. Love is irresistible and dogs seem to easily feel someone’s love for them. We’ve been fortunate to share life with a number of vegan dogs. Yes, Beautiful, Magic, Vegan, Miracles, Baba, Kisses, Valiant, etc. represent the pinnacle of their species and are at the helm of the ‘vegan dog movement’.  We would like to share the knowledge attained from our experience caring for vegan dogs.

A dog is by genus classified as a carnivore, but metabolically, they are omnivores. You can feel safe knowing that you can raise dogs on a vegan diet. In fact, with careful attention to their nutritional needs, (as you would give to your own), they actually thrive! They become gentler, cleaner, more lovable, and will abound with good health. The health of our dogs has surprised a few conventional vets. 
 
A dog’s protein requirements are greater than ours. To ensure that your dog gets enough protein, calcium, vitamin D and all other nutrients, feed them a varied diet of:

legumes
tempeh, tofu, well-cooked beans, lentils, soy beans, sprouted/cooked chick peas or hummus, sprouted lentils (ground/blended), etc.

well-cooked whole grains
brown rice, quinoa, millet, corn grits, polenta or blended corn kernels, whole grain bread or pasta, oats, etc.

potatoes
white or sweet, seasoned and oiled for palatability (in small pieces and/or mashed, to make it more digestible)

Seitan or wheat-meat
made of gluten flour (high in protein)

Some vegetables
(in small pieces and/or mashed, to make it more digestible)

Along with certain supplements

Fruit in small amounts if they will eat it.

And take them on daily walks in the sunshine.

Approximately a third to a half of the meal will consist of a protein source (from the paragraph above). About half of the meal can be made up of a variety of whole grains, which are a source of carbohydrates and protein, as well as essential vitamins and minerals.  The Vegan Dog Nutrition Association recommends the base of the meal to be comprised of soybeans, lentils, rice, oats and sweet potatoes. They have published a downloadable recipe for a balanced vegan diet. See their link at the end of this article.
 
The remaining portion should be made up of raw and cooked vegetables, as well as supplemental items listed below. Meals should be served at room temperature or slightly warmed, along with a clean bowl of water.
Non-vegan dogs generally eat one meal a day, whereas vegan dogs should get smaller meals, twice daily, and snacks. A healthy snack would be several vegan dog biscuits (see below) or a handful or two (depending on the size of your dog) of vegan dry kibble produced by one of the companies listed below. Or a few bites of toast that your dog would appreciate sharing!

Oil requirements can be met with avocado; a rich source of vitamins. (There is some disagreement over the issue of including avocado in a dog’s diet. See note below*) Most dogs will love it, but it might take a little getting used to, at first. Another source to include is 1-2 tablespoons of tahini (sesame seed butter), which is a rich source of calcium.  Their calcium requirements can also be met by adding finely chopped raw dark greens to their meal, and also by mixing in some canned pure vegetarian dog food which they find irresistible! We mix some of the marketed moist food in with meals to help meet nutritional requirements. In the United States, quite a few companies (see below) produce a complete, plant-based, canned wet dog food which meets their nutritional needs. They are a superior quality than most commercial dog foods, which contain slaughterhouse by-products and other unimaginable ingredients. Our preference and practice is to mix the plant-based commercial food with wholesome homemade meals, similar to what you yourself would eat.
 
* Armaiti May says: “There seem to be mixed reports concerning the safety of avocados. I’ve heard of dogs eating avocados and being just fine, but there are some cases where cardiotoxicity (heart problems) has been associated with large quantities of avocado consumption (esp. if the pit of the avocado is consumed). It’s not something that is fully understood, and as I said, I know there are lots of dogs who eat avocados and are just fine.”

To ensure they receive the necessary essential fatty acids (omegas 3, 6, & 9), add 1 teaspoon – 1 tablespoon of a vegan oil blend complete with total essential fatty acids. Some brands have a balanced blend of Borage Oil, Evening Primrose Oil and Certified Organic Flax Oil, such as Health From the Sun’s ‘Total EFA’ or the brand called Veg’n EFA Oil Blend, www.myvega.com. Mustard seed oil contains all the essential fatty acids. An alternative (though it’s not as complete), would be flax seed oil, hemp seed oil, or 1 teaspoon of ground or soaked flax seeds. (This is beneficial for vegan humans as well). (‘Deva’ and ‘V-Pure’ are now producing vegan DHA, long chain fatty-acids from seaweed in a capsule for humans, which you can share with your companion animals.) Flax or ‘Total EFA’ oil also serves other purposes such as helping joint function and coat health. There are many studies that confirm the powerful healing benefits of giving dogs flax seed oil. These oils are especially important for senior dogs.

As dogs age and degenerative disc diseases occur, an anti-inflammatory such as ginger rhizome in a non-gelatin capsule can be included in their meals (or stuck into a vegan meat analog, disguising the potent taste). When using nutritional supplements or nutraceuticals to reverse or treat disorders, allow 30 days or more to see improvements. We learned this from experience as well as from veterinary advice. (One exception: we once noticed an incredible change in a dog’s coat in just ONE WEEK of adding flax oil to the meal.) A bad-tasting supplement, in tab or V-cap form, can be given to a dog by sticking it inside of a piece of a vegan hot dog or Tofurky vegan sausage or the like. This makes it fun for them to take their supplements. It works with most dogs. (Baba got sick of taking supplements after a while, and figured out how to eat the meat analog and spit out the supplement, every time!) I will sometimes stick a vitamin B-12 sublingual dot (vegetarian formula) under the tongue or in the mouth of senior dogs. 
 
Note from Armaiti May: “I’m not aware of studies on the efficacy of vegan glucosamine and sublingual B12 in dogs. It makes intuitive sense that they would be safe and effective to give, and I take both myself, but I [can not make] a blanket recommendation about it without some prior knowledge of its effectiveness.”

Grated raw carrots, beetroot, sprouted lentils and other sprouts and/or barley grass powder are necessary for enzymes and fiber. The raw food additions are essential for vitality (for them and for us). Some authorities recommend adding digestive enzymes to a dog’s diet and the particular kind that dogs need are:  Amylase, Protease, Lipase, Cellulase and Lactase. Harbinger’s of a New Age sells Prozyme; an enzyme supplement for dogs containing these enzymes. Also, another enzyme that may be included is vegan acidophilus.
 
Wheat germ is an important addition for a healthy coat. One teaspoon of bran aids in elimination, if necessary. Dogs manufacture their own vitamin C, but you can supplement the meal with 1/2-1 teaspoon of vitamin C powder (It MUST be Ester-C, non-acidic or buffered, to be gentle on the stomach). Holistic vets have recommended 1,000 milligrams twice daily for healing purposes. If your dog will eat bits of fruit and/or salad with dressing, that is wonderful! Some dogs will and some will turn their nose at such foods.

Taurine is an amino acid (naturally found in meat) that should be supplemented in a vegan dog’s diet. Most dogs can live healthy lives without it, but there are some breeds or older, challenged dogs, that without taurine supplementation, can develop cardiomyopathy (disorders of the heart). (Vegetarian dog specialists and most companies that sell vegan dog food advise adding taurine to the diet of a vegan dog. It is inexpensive and a preventative measure. L-carnitine, also an amino acid naturally found in meat, can be supplemented. A deficiency of this nutrient can also cause dilated cardiomyopathy, a serious illness in which the heart becomes large and flabby and can no longer function. This illness generally strikes middle-aged dogs who are deficient in L-carnitine or taurine because of breed, size, individual genetic makeup, or diet. L-carnitine is expensive and can be bought at your local health food store. Taurine and L-carnitine are amino acids not naturally occuring in plant matter and that dogs can’t synthesize themselves. Please make sure you supplement your vegan dogs with enough to prevent cardiomyopathy. One cardiologist specialist recommended these doses: l-carnitine: 150 mg/kg of body weight taurine: 50 mg/kg of body weight.
 
There has been research that recognizes MSM to be helpful in animals for joint function. For senior dogs showing signs of arthritis or degenerative disc disease, you can try supplementing with vegan glucosamine (see above note from Armaiti May), which is produced by several companies. Bone support vitamins could also be beneficial for these senior dogs. Prescription 2000, Inc., a vegan company in the United States, has both a vegan bone support and vegan glucosamine powder (the powdered form is better).
 
Another supplement that we have included in a vegan dog’s diet is Red Star Vegetarian Support Formula nutritional yeast (for our U.S. readers). Alternatively, you can supplement with a savory nutritional yeast rich in B vitamins and a separate source of Vitamin B12 (either in fortified plant milks or meat analogs) or simply a supplement (this is not something I have read in a study, just something I do because it is safe and may be beneficial).  Although a sprinkle of spirulina is a very good addition to your dog’s meals, I don’t rely on it as a source of B12 because, in humans, it can be a B12 analog and can actually interfere with real B12 (Cyanocobalamin) absorption. Dogs enjoy nori, kelp, and other sea vegetable flakes. They are a good replacement for salt in their diets and rich in trace minerals (or try nori sheets in bite-size pieces added to the meal).
 
Other supplements that can be included in our canine companion’s meals are a teaspoon of soy lecithin for heart function, and The Ultimate Meal (www.TheUltimateLife.com). Co-Enzyme Q10 has been recognized by the holistic veterinary world as quite beneficial for canines, for heart function and for healthy gums. Keep your companion animal’s teeth brushed and clean.
 
Also please note that it is reported that onions and raw garlic are toxic to dogs. Onions can cause the oxidization of red blood cells and lead to anemia. Chocolate can be toxic to dogs and can even be fatal if consumed in large portions. Many animals love the taste of chocolate, however, chocolate contains a stimulant called theobromine, which causes over-stimulation of an animal’s body. All body systems, including the gastrointestinal tract, cardiovascular system, respiratory system, and nervous system, are affected by theobromine. The more concentrated the chocolate, the larger the amount of theobromine present and the greater the risk to pets.
 
Also toxic to dogs are nutmeg, raisins and macadamia nuts. Armaiti May explains:
 
“Macadamia nuts and raisins are also considered toxic to dogs. The toxic principles are unknown, but raisin consumption (especially large quantities) has been correlated with kidney failure in dogs.”

Dr Andy Mars with vegan dog Sukkot

Dogs cannot process excess salt so avoid too much salt.
 
Cats are often more finicky than dogs, and their nutritional requirements are more complicated. Cats have very specific metabolic requirements for several nutrients found naturally in animal products, such as taurine, (an amino acid-like nutrient), the amino-acid L-Arginine, (a protein amino acid present in the proteins of all life forms), arachidonic acid, (an essential fatty acid), according to CVM research. These are found in appreciable levels only in animal tissues. Additionally, cats cannot convert the beta-carotene in plants into vitamin A. Instead, they require “pre-formed” vitamin A. Synthetic versions of these nutrients are available, and it is up to you, the care-giver, to ensure that a cat being fed a vegan diet is receiving the necessary nutrition. Insufficient amounts of vitamin A may cause loss of hearing, as well as problems with skin, bones and the intestinal and reproductive systems. A feline lacking taurine can lose eyesight and could develop cardiomyopathy. 
 
We’ve read and heard claims of thousands of healthy vegan cats, but have not personally experienced this. The cats that have wandered into our lives (we did not choose to bring them into our lives as they are hunters) eat the vegan food supplemented with nutrients designed for vegan cats, but also hunt and eat lizards, spiders, mice, etc. (At least they are eating some vegan food and therefore saving some animals’ lives and evolving towards a more gentle diet). Unless a cat is kept confined inside a home, it will, most likely, have the instinctual need to hunt. The issue of raising cats vegan remains unclear at this stage of our evolution.

On the other hand, you can feel confident that on a balanced cruelty-free diet, your dog will have a sleek and clean body, a healthy coat, and plenty of energy to join you for walks in the country! Our little Magic lived a long healthy life to age 16. Beautiful, a Golden Retriever, lived to age 14, and healthy until the last year of her life. We were told by a top holistic vet that because of inbreeding, Golden Retrievers usually don’t live beyond age 14. Baba lived to age 17 and his face didn’t look a day over 7! Miracles, born with many birth defects, lived many many years beyond his life expectancy given by vets. He was vegan since birth and thrived. His demise was from a cause having nothing to do with nutrition or physical health. Kisses is 10 years young; energetic and athletic like a young dog.
 
Be gentle when switching dogs from an animal-based diet to a vegan diet. Any switch in diet can cause digestive disorders. It may take a few days for some dogs to even want to try this new cuisine and others will take to it right away. We’ve watched our dogs evolve from killing small animals to protecting and cuddling our pet rabbits! Vegan dogs are a wonderful species to get to know. Enjoy!

Vegan, Gentle World’s first vegan dog.

Related contacts for vegan pet food:
www.VegetarianDogs.com offers information on feeding dogs vegan and a book entitled: Vegetarian Dogs: Toward a World Without Exploitation. The book offers recipes for vegan dog food and a wealth of information about nutrition, supplements, exercise, care and ethics for dogs.
Evolution Diet makes ONLY vegan dog and cat food. www.petfoodshop.com
Vegan Pet – Australia’s own all-vegan pet food company, especially knowledgeable on feeding cats vegan. They have superior vegan dog and cat kibble. All ingredients are human-grade.  www.veganpet.com.au or for New Zealand, www.veganpet.co.nz.
Pet Guard – offers two vegan moist dog foods: Dog Vegetarian Feast and Organic Vegetarian Vegan Entrée with the word VEGAN on the label! They also offer Mr. Barkey’s and Mr. Pugsley’s vegan dog biscuits (and many non-vegan products) www.petguard.com
Dick Van Patten’s Natural Balance Pet Food – highly recommended vegan kibble called Natural Balance Vegetarian Formula which contains no soy products. www.NaturalBalanceInc.com 
V-Dog – vegan dog food now in Sacramento, CA. www.v-dogfood.com   or    e-mail: info@v-dogfood.com
Harbingers of a New Age – offers supplementation products to add to your home-cooked whole food meals for vegan cats and dogs and is a source of information. Owner, James Peden, was the first to sell vegan pet food products and has authored a book entitled: Vegetarian Dogs and Cats. www.vegepet.com 
Ami Vegan Dog Food and Pet Products – www.aminews.co.uk
www.VeganCats.com – offers a range of vegan pet products.
Vegan Essentials / Downbound.com – sells Animal Spirit vegan organic dog treats.
VeggiePets.com, based in the U.K., offers information and products.
Wow-Bow Distributors – home made vegan pet treats. Visit them at www.Wow-Bow.com
Doggy Delights are offered on-line.  The vegan treats by this totally vegan company are organic. www.vegan-delights.com or e-mail: vegandelights4u@yahoo.com
Evangers Dog and Cat food Company – offers a vegan canned dog and cat food called ALL FRESH VEGETARIAN DINNER with interesting fresh ingredients. They used to use non-vegan vitamin D3, but have changed to the vegan version, D2. Most of their other products are not vegan.  www.evangersdogfood.com
Boston Baked Bonz – 100% vegan company that markets hand-made dog treats.  www.bostonbakedbonz.com
BiOPet – 100% vegan formula sourced within Australia (they have a non-vegan formula also). The Vitamin D3 in their recipe is synthetic and not sourced from animals. www.biopetonline.com.au
Emma’s K9 Kitchen – vegan dog treat recipes (100% of profits go to Peaceful Prairie Sanctuary)
Natural Life – makes a dry food that is vegan, but most of their products are not. www.nlpp.com

Please note that there are a number of nearly vegan dog foods marketed internationally, but they contain one or two ingredients that are not strictly vegan. For example, they include vitamin D3 (which is reported to be easier to absorb than the plant-based Vitamin D2). For instance, Avo Derm has a vegetarian formula (with avocado), but the vitamin A and D may originate from an animal source. Nature’s Recipe vegetarian canned dog food also may have animal derived vitamin sources and most of their products are not vegan. And Wysong Vegan is not vegan, even though that is the actual name of the product, because of animal derived vitamin D3. The manufacturer also meant this product to be a supplement only, not a complete source of nutrition and it does not meet protein requirements for cats. Otherwise it does contain extremely high quality ingredients.
 
There is also controversy as to whether ‘Menadione’ a source of Vitamin K should or should not be added to dog food. You can read up on this issue at www.dogfoodproject.com, and make the decision for yourself.

Being a responsible guardian for any animal means making an effort to ensure that your animal’s diet is nutritionally complete, just as you would for yourself. The best thing you can do is to continue to keep yourself informed, as there is new research being released all the time. To feel secure in your decisions, we suggest that you do some personal research as to the nutritional requirements of your dog’s specific breed. But also know that it is easy to feed dogs vegan. Even dogs who turn their noses up at vegan food when it is initially offered, will change their mind the next day when they get hungry! And within days, they eat with gusto, like they never were carnivorous!

Our dogs have all made remarkable transformations on the vegan diet, both in physical health and in temperament. And for the committed vegan, it’s a beautiful way to love your dog even more, to share with him or her the joys of being cruelty-free.

For more information on feeding your dogs a vegan diet, visit The Vegan Dog Nutrition Association
and www.VegetarianDogs.com, which offers information on feeding dogs a vegan diet and a book entitled:
Vegetarian Dogs: Toward a World Without Exploitation. The book offers recipes for vegan dog food and a wealth of information about nutrition, supplements, exercise, care and ethics for dogs.

Another viewpoint on feeding pets vegan: www.all-creatures.org/articles/petfood-vegan.html
 

The following is from vegan vet, Armaiti May:
www.veganvet.net
 
What follows is a summary I’ve come up with of additional potential benefits of a vegetarian diet for dogs as well as potential health concerns – especially concerning cats on a vegan diet. 

In my clinical practice treating dogs and cats, one of the most common ailments I diagnose and treat in dogs is skin allergies.  Recurrent skin allergies (itching, scratching, biting, licking, leading to recurrent inflammation and infection of the skin) are usually due to one of the following (and sometimes a combination of these factors):  (1) flea allergy dermatitis (the most commonly diagnosed); (2) food allergy (occurs in about 10-20% of cases); and (3) atopy, which is an allergy to something in the environment, such as house dust mites, pollen, grass, etc.  Atopy is relatively uncommon.  Most of the time a dog has a food allergy it is to a meat protein such as beef, chicken, or one of the other common meat sources.  Vegetarian diets may bring these food allergic dogs relief from their skin allergies.  A smaller percentage of dogs are allergic to soy, which may limit choices of commercially available vegetarian diets.  In that case, if a caretaker wishes to feed a vegan diet, a homemade diet may be the next best option, but even more care must be taken to insure appropriate nutrient balance and supplements may need to be added to the diet.http://www.vegepet.com/) which requires the caretaker to make home-baked kibble using the supplement mix and the vegan recipe provided by HOANA.http://www.petfoodshop.com/) and V-dog (http://v-dogfood.com/).http://www.carnitine-taurine.com/index.htm contains info on ordering supplements of taurine and carnitine for affected dogs. If someone has one of the predisposed breeds, it may be beneficial to supplement with taurine and/or carnitine if not already present in the vegetarian diet, in conjunction with consulting one’s veterinarian.www.vegepets.info, a site created and maintained by a veterinarian in the U.K. who is an avid supporter of animal rights.

For both ethical and health reasons, many vegetarians and vegans choose to feed their companion dogs and cats vegetarian or vegan diets. Up to 50% of commercial pet food brands are comprised of “meat meal” and “byproducts,” which include various body parts (such as beaks, brain, spinal cord tissue, bones, lungs, intestinal tracts) slaughterhouse wastes, 4-D meat (from dead, dying, diseased or disabled animals), supermarket rejects, as well as rendered dogs and cats from animal shelters. Other contaminants which have been found in commercial dog and cat foods include old restaurant grease complete with high concentrations of dangerous free radicals and trans fatty acids; PCBs, heavy metals and other toxins, particularly from fish; bacterial, protozoal, fungal, viral, and prion contaminants, along with their associated endotoxins and mycotoxins; hormone and antibiotic residues; and dangerous preservatives. Many speculate that the dramatic increase in incidences of cancers, kidney failure, and many other degenerative diseases in our companion animals in recent years may be due to the harmful ingredients in many commercial meat-based pet foods. This has led people to feed alternative diets.

Although cats are biologically carnivores, in many cases they can be successfully maintained on a vegan diet as long as it meets all of the nutritional requirements specific to cats and their overall health is adequately monitored, with particular attention to urinary tract health especially in male cats. Cats require the same nine essential amino acids that are needed in the diet of all mammals. However, in addition, cats also require arginine and taurine. Taurine is found naturally in meat but can be supplied in synthetic form. (In fact, most of the commercially available meat-based cat foods are supplemented with synthetic taurine.)  Without adequate taurine, cats will suffer retinal damage and go blind and may also develop dilated cardiomyopathy (a type of heart disease). Other essential nutrients that cats require include arachidonic acid and vitamins  A and D, which can also be supplied to formulate a balanced, nutritionally complete vegan diet for cats. 

One problem which can afflict cats on a nutritionally balanced and complete vegan diet is FLUTD (feline lower urinary tract disease), which is a syndrome that is more likely to occur if urinary struvite crystals or stones form secondary to urinary alkalinization and a diet too high in magnesium.  Due to anatomical differences, male cats are much more likely to get FLUTD and urinary obstruction, but female cats can (rarely) be affected as well. Ensuring adequate water intake is important for preventing excessive urine crystals, and eventually stones as well.  This can be accomplished by feeding a canned diet, adding water to dry food, or adding a pinch of salt to food to stimulate thirst. Cats on a vegan diet can develop abnormally alkaline (high pH) urine due to the more alkaline pH of plant based proteins in comparison to the acidic pH of meat-based foods which cats have evolved to eat.  When the urine pH becomes too alkaline, there is an increased risk of formation of struvite (also known as magnesium ammonium phosphate) bladder crystals and/or stones.  Calcium oxalate stones can also occur, but these do not occur if the urine is too alkaline, but rather if it is too acidic.  Such stones can create irritation and infection of the urinary tract and require veterinary treatment.  In male cats who form such crystals or stones, they can suffer more severe consequences than simply irritation or infection of the urinary tract because the stones can actually cause an obstruction of the urethra so the cat cannot urinate.  This is a life-threatening emergency requiring immediate veterinary care; this involves passing a urinary catheter to relieve the obstruction, placing an indwelling urinary catheter, and starting supportive intravenous fluid therapy, along with appropriate pain management and antibiotics if indicated.  These “blocked” cats frequently need to be hospitalized and monitored closely for several days before they can go home and the associated veterinary fees can easily be between $1000-$1200. Depending on the duration and severity, urinary blockage can be fatal due to accumulation of toxins in the bloodstream and/or complications associated with urinary bladder rupture, tears in the urethra, and damage to the lining of the bladder and urethra from stones, crystals, and even the catheterization itself.  The sooner a problem is identified and the cat is treated, the better the prognosis for recovery.  As a practicing veterinarian, I have had several cats with life-threatening urinary blockage come in to see me.  (None of these cats were on a vegan diet, to my knowledge.)  To emphasize the severity of this condition, I will add that one of these cats was euthanized due to re-blockage after catheterization and lack of caretaker finances to pursue treatment further (especially in light of the worsening prognosis, as cats who block once are at a high risk for blocking again), and another cat had to be referred to a specialist for surgical repair of a urethral tear.  Some cats who get blocked repeatedly require a highly specialized (and expensive, ~$2000) surgery called a perineal urethrostomy (PU).

Therefore, cat guardians who decide to put their cat on a vegan diet should bring their cat to their veterinarian to have the urine pH tested 1-2 weeks after switching them to a vegan diet and then once a month for the first several months to ensure the pH remains stable.  If the pH is too high, there are urinary acidifiers which may help the urine pH to be more acidic.  Urinary acidifiers that may be used include methionine, vitamin C, and sodium bisulfate.  James Peden, author of “Vegetarian Cats and Dogs” states there are also natural urinary acidifiers, including asparagus, peas, brown rice, oats, lentils, garbanzos, corn, Brussels sprouts, lamb’s quarters (the herb Chenopodium album, also known as pigweed), most nuts (except almonds and coconut), grains (not millet), and wheat gluten (used in kibble recipes).  Once the pH is regulated (with or without the use of appropriate urinary acidifiers, the urine pH should be checked at least twice a year.  If a cat shows signs of pain or straining while using the litter box, immediate veterinary attention should be sought.  It is important to not supplement the cat’s diet with urinary acidifiers unless it is actually needed because a too acidic pH can cause a different kind of stone to form (calcium oxalate stones). While many cats appear to thrive on a vegan diet, there are also many anecdotal reports of cats having recurring urinary tract problems, including urinary tract infections associated with previous urethral obstructions caused by crystal formation.

For cat guardians who find it too tedious to monitor their cat’s urine pH, they should perhaps consider not keeping a cat as a companion. Another option is a special pH-adjusted vegan formula available through Harbingers of a New Age(

Also, many cats are very picky eaters.  Although adding vegan mock meats and nutritional yeast to flavor vegan cat food will encourage many cats to eat it, there may be many cats who still refuse to eat, especially if they are sick. Cats who are anorectic for a prolonged period are at high risk for developing hepatic lipidosis, or fatty liver syndrome, which is a serious condition requiring extended hospitalized care. Some cats may require more patience and a gradual transition from a meat-based diet to a vegan diet if they have been accustomed to eating a meat-based diet.  Most commercial pet foods contain “digest” which consists of partially digested chicken entrails, that makes the food more palatable.

On the positive side, many cat and dog guardians have reported improved overall health, vitality, coat quality, and fewer problems with skin allergies, food allergies, and various degenerative diseases. 

A recent study published in JAVMA (Journal of American Veterinary Medical Association) by Gray, Christina M.; Sellon, Rance K.; Freeman, Lisa M. Nutritional Adequacy of Two Vegan Diets for Cats. J Amer Vet Med Assoc 2004, 225(11):1670-1675 showed two commercially available vegetarian cat foods (Vegecat KibbleMix and Evolution canned diet for adult cats) to be deficient in several key nutrients. The two vegan diets were subjected to nutritional analysis and compared to Association of American Feed Control Officials (AAFCO) nutrient profiles for the maintenance of adult cats. The Evolution food was determined to be deficient in protein, methionine, taurine, arachidonic acid, vitamin A, pyroxidine, and niacin. Vegecat KibbleMix was found to be deficient in methionine, taurine, arachidonic acid, and pyroxidine.  According to both of these vegan cat food companies, thousands of the cats on their diets are healthy, which raises the question of how this could be if the diets are truly inadequate.  Only one sample of each diet was used in this study, so it is entirely possible that the sample represented a rare occurrence of a mixing error at the factory, but this still raises legitimate concerns about the quality control measures (or lack of appropriate quality control measures) at these companies.  The manufacturer of Harbingers of a New Age (producer of Vegecat KibbleMix) expressed shock at the results of the study and showed an intent to find and correct the source of the problems in the production of his cat food supplements. In response to the results of the study, Eric Weisman, Evolution Diet CEO (2004) stated, “We have ten to twenty thousand healthy and long living dogs, cats and ferrets living on the Evolution Diet. … Major animal sanctuaries use our products and stand behind them. These sanctuaries use our products because they have lower rates of illness and mortality when their animals are placed on our foods.” It is unclear whether any reliable quality control measures have been instituted since the publishing of these results. A survey of the health of cats on various vegan diets was performed by a veterinary student at University of Pennsylvania and published in the Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association in July 2006. It showed that most of the cats surveyed on a vegan diet did not suffer from subnormal taurine blood levels and were for the most part in good general health.

In summary, more studies are needed to document the health of cats on a vegan diet in the scientific literature. More rigorous quality control measures need to be implemented at the factories of vegan pet foods to prevent future mistakes in mixing and consequent inadequate diets. Guardians need to be educated about the potential health benefits and risks associated with meat-based and vegetarian diets, and should demand appropriate quality control assurance from any pet food manufacturer they do business with. It is also crucial that future studies involving nutritional adequacy of a particular diet test many samples of the diet in question rather than just one.

Dogs are much easier to maintain on a vegan diet than are cats. Dogs can be healthy and in fact, thrive on a vegetarian or vegan diet, as long as all necessary nutrient requirements are met. Dogs are biologically omnivorous, and can adapt well to a plant-based diet which meets all their nutritional needs. It’s important that the food have good bioavailability (digestibility) as well as palatability.  The transition to a plant-based diet should be a gradual change (mixing the 2 foods in different proportions until the new food is given exclusively) to minimize the occurrence of gastrointestinal disturbances (such as diarrhea and sometimes vomiting). When evaluating a pet food, care should be taken to make sure it is labeled as meeting the nutritional standards of the US Association of American Feed Control Officials (AAFCO). The largest manufacturer’s of vegetarian dog food in the U.S. are Evolution (

In my clinical practice treating dogs, one of the most common ailments I diagnose and treat in dogs is skin allergies. Recurrent skin allergies (itching, scratching, biting, licking, leading to recurrent inflammation and infection of the skin) are usually due to one of the following (and sometimes a combination of these factors):  (1) flea allergy dermatitis (the most commonly diagnosed); (2) food allergy (occurs in about 10-20% of cases); and (3) atopy, which is an allergy to something in the environment, such as house dust mites, pollen, grass, etc. Atopy is relatively uncommon.  Most of the time a dog has a food allergy it is to a meat protein such as beef, chicken, or one of the other common meat sources.  Vegetarian diets may bring these food allergic dogs relief from their skin allergies. A smaller percentage of dogs are allergic to soy, which may limit choices of commercially available vegetarian diets.  In that case, if a caretaker wishes to feed a vegan diet, a homemade diet may be the next best option, but even more care must be taken to insure appropriate nutrient balance and supplements may need to be added to the diet.

Although dry kibble is generally better for dental health, if the dog is predisposed to urinary problems such as urinary crystals, canned (moist) food would be a better choice because the higher water intake helps to dilute out the urine and reduce the incidence of crystal and stone formation. One of the potential risks associated with vegetarian diets in dogs is the occurrence of struvite crystals, which are more likely to occur if the urine pH becomes too alkaline. (This problem affects certain breeds of dog more commonly; the affected breeds include shih tzus, miniature schnauzers, bichon frises, miniature poodles, cocker spaniels, and Lhasa apsos.)  Adding water to the dry food or encouraging the dog to drink water would be another way to address the issue of urine concentration which is related to crystal formation (the more dilute the urine, the less likely crystals are to form. To avoid any problems associated with urinary alkalinization secondary to the dog being on a vegetarian diet, I recommend that 2-3 weeks after switching the dog from a meat-based to a plant-based diet that he/she be brought to a veterinarian to have a urinalysis performed. This simple test will show what the urine pH is, as well as whether or not struvite crystals are present, therefore heading off any problems before they start. If the urine pH is too high (too alkaline) and/or struvite crystals are present, various acidifying agents can be used.

Although diet-related problems are unlikely to occur for dogs on a nutritionally complete and balanced diet, certain dog breeds are predisposed to DCM (dilated cardiomyopathy), a form of heart disease which may be influenced by lack of sufficient intake of taurine and/or carnitine (amino acids which are naturally occurring in flesh foods but can be added to the diet via synthetic supplements which are readily available.  Doberman pinschers, boxers, “giant breeds” (Scottish deerhounds, Irish wolfhounds, Great Danes, Saint Bernards, Afghan hounds), and cocker spaniels are the dog breeds predisposed to DCM. The role of carnitine and taurine in the therapy of DCM remains controversial. American cocker spaniels with dilated cardiomyopathy generally respond favorably to taurine supplementation. Those not responding to taurine will often respond to the addition of L-carnitine. This

Diseases such as diabetes, arthritis, digestive disorders, cystitis, kidney and liver disease, skin problems, obesity, thyroid dysfunction and various cancers are becoming more common in our domesticated animals.  This increase in disease incidence is attributed in part to commercial pet foods as well as over-vaccination.

For more information about vegetarian/vegan diets for dogs and cats, I recommend www.vegepets.info, a site created and maintained by a veterinarian in the U.K. who is an avid supporter of animal rights.

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This is another crucial question : what do I eat if I dont eat animal meats ?  what is left for me to eat ?
 
Here you are   There is plenty food, it is only a question to wanting to make the switch.  Most products are available in UK, USA and northern countries, while they are not available in France  grrrrrr … However there are French companies that make vegan food but I must say most of them dont taste good AT ALL except for the Tofus, the frozen gluten and other products which can be find in Asia stores in France – as  I shared  on my Jardin Vegan Myspace and on Jardin Vegan, Recettes végétaLiennes Otherwise syrups and alternative basic products are available in most specialised stores in France.  Some hyperstores sell now tasty vanilla and calcium soja milk, as well as soja puddings
 
 
INSTEAD OF MEAT:
Explore the world of TOFU .

 

 


Made from soybeans, TOFU is very high in protein; the firmer it is, the higher the protein content and the less water it contains. When processed with calcium sulfate, tofu is a good source of calcium. Tofu is one of the most versatile foods available for vegetarians.

 
Prepare TOFU in any of the following ways: marinate, sauté, steam, grill, braise, roast, bake, boil, stir-fry, deep fry, mash, blend, or puree in the food processor. You can make an outstanding vegetarian chili with textured vegetable protein (a defatted soy protein) that tastes just like the real thing.
*Recipe on link below
Notice other meat alternatives in the deli case of your natural food market.
SEITAN, made from wheat gluten, is high in protein and can lend a meat-like texture to many dishes. SEITAN can be sliced, ground, chopped, or diced and will readily absorb definitive seasonings when cooked in a stir-fry, a casserole, or in a well-seasoned sauce.
 

TEMPEH is a fermented soy-bean cake that improves with marinating and makes a hearty high-protein substitute for meat. It can be baked, broiled, chopped, shredded, sautéed, stir fried, and braised. TEMPEH is an excellent addition to casseroles, pastas, stir-fries, salads, wraps, soups, and ethnic dishes like tacos, burritos, chili, sushi, and curries. Try marinating chopped TEMPEH and adding it to a pita sandwich along with chopped or shredded veggies and your favorite dressing.

 
NUTS AND SEEDS are excellent meat replacements, high in protein, fiber, essential fatty acids, and vitamin E. Nuts are an outstanding source of minerals, including calcium, iron, zinc, and copper. A serving of two ounces of nuts several times a week lowers the risk for heart attack, diabetes, and gallstones, and lowers total and LDL cholesterol. Make sure the NUTS AND SEEDS you purchase are raw, not roasted in oil or salted. To keep them fresh for several weeks, refrigerate them to prevent rancidity.
INSTEAD OF BEEF BROTH:
Choose low-sodium canned or packaged vegetable broth or create your own flavorful broth with a base of vegetables and water.
To season the broth, add a small amount of .. TAMARI, BRAGG LIQUID AMINOS, or low sodium SOY SAUCE, a dash of red wine, a clove of garlic, perhaps a squeeze of fresh lemon juice, and season with your favorite herbs, salt, and pepper.

 

 
To turn the broth into GRAVY, thicken by combining equal parts of cornstarch or arrowroot and water (about 2 tablespoons each for 2 cups broth) and stirring into a smooth, runny paste. Add the paste to gently simmering broth a little at a time, stirring constantly for about one minute, or until thickened to desired consistency.

VEGETABLE BOUILLON CUBES in imitation beef flavor are easily dissolved in boiling water to create a quick beef flavored broth. Plant-based POWDERED BEEF FLAVORING is also a quick method for making beef broth. Both are available in natural food markets. Look for low-sodium options.

INSTEAD OF HAMBURGERS:
Awaken to the joy of VEGGIE BURGERS made from soy protein. They won’t really fool you into believing they are beef, but they sure are impressive substitutes.
Enjoy your VEGGIE BURGER

on a whole-grain hamburger bun or tucked into a pita with all the usual fixings like lettuce, tomato, onion, pickles, ketchup, and mustard, and top it with a slice of vegan cheese, if desired.
You won’t miss the beef!
Several vegetarian companies are employing SOY PROTEIN to create HAMBURGER-STYLE PATTIES. Check the frozen food section of your local market or the natural food market to discover an array of vegetable patties to slip into your burger bun. Try them all to find your favorites.
 

 

Here are some brands to look for: Wildwood Tofu Veggie Burgers, Maui Taro Burgers, Amy’s Texas Burger, Natural Touch Vegan Burger, Boca Burger Vegan Original, Gardenburger California Burger, Gardenburger Flame Grilled.

 
VEGETARIAN HOT DOGS made from SOY PROTEIN are produced by several food manufacturers. Many are fat free. Explore the different brands to seek out the one you like best, tuck it into a whole-grain hot dog bun with all your favorite fixings, and enjoy a cholesterol-free meal low in saturated fat. You can even shred some VEGAN CHEESE into the bun for an extra special treat.

Some brands to look for include: Lightlife, Yves Veggie Cuisine, and Tofurky.
Choose TEXTURED VEGETABLE PROTEIN, often referred to as TVP, to make comfort foods like Sloppy Joe’s or Chili without the “Carne.” TVP is available in tidbits of dried and defatted soybean meal that is highly refined. Once rehydrated, TVP resembles the texture of ground beef. Almost anything you make with ground beef can be recreated with TVP. Simply pour boiling water or vegetable broth over the dried, minced soy protein, and in 5 minutes it will be ready to add to stir-fries, stews, casseroles, sauces, and soups. With a little kitchen magic and a good recipe, you can even form the TVP into a soy patty. Though the TVP has no flavor of its own, it absorbs any seasonings you add. For best results, cook the TVP in well-seasoned sauces with a tomato base, chili, or flavorful marinades.

INSTEAD OF LUNCHMEAT:

Explore the many SOY BASED LUNCHMEAT ALTERNATIVES made by Yves Veggie Cuisine, Tofurky, or LightLife

.
Some are very low fat, some even fat-free. Many of these alternatives contain wheat gluten, an excellent source of protein. As an added benefit, many of these replacements have fat content as low as .5 grams per serving. You may be delighted to learn that you can find soy- and gluten-based alternatives for sliced PIZZA PEPPERONI, BACON, CANADIAN BACON, TURKEY, SALAMI, BALOGNA, and even HAM.
INSTEAD OF SAUSAGES:
Venture into the land of GIMMELEAN, a one-pound chub that comes in sausage or beef flavor. Made by LightLife, this product is fat-free and can be sliced into patties and browned lightly in one tablespoon of oil. For a great start to the day, use these SAUSAGE PATTIES for breakfast along with some whole-grain bread and fresh fruit. It’s quick, delicious, and nutritious.

Made from soy and wheat gluten, GIMMELEAN offers flavors and textures that are superbly satisfying. It freezes well and keeps for several days in the refrigerator. GIMMELEAN can also be crumbled into a stir-fry or formed into “meatballs.” For meatballs, add breadcrumbs and any of your favorite seasonings and brown in a small amount of vegetable oil.

 
Explore the multitude of frozenchicken substitutes made from SOY PROTEIN and WHEAT GLUTEN.
Tastes and textures are very close to the real thing, and you benefit from a reduced intake of saturated fat and eliminate the cholesterol altogether
 

 

 
INSTEAD OF CHICKEN BROTH:
Purchase a VEGETARIAN IMITATION CHICKEN BROTH, available in powdered form that can be dissolved in water. Alternatively, create your own beginning with two or three cups of water. Add a dash of soy sauce, some nutritional yeast, a touch of lemon juice, and season with salt and pepper. For a creamy style broth, add some soy milk. To turn the broth into GRAVY, stir together equal parts of cornstarch or arrowroot and water (about 2 tablespoons each for 2 cups liquid) into a smooth runny paste. Add the paste a little at a time to gently simmering broth, stirring constantly for about one minute, or until thickened. Simmer gently for one minute longer.

 

INSTEAD OF FISH:
Many Asian markets will have FISH FLAVORED SOY PROTEIN in the freezer section. Innovatively created to even look like the real thing, several varieties come in fish-steak slabs with nori seaweed wrapped around the outer edge to resemble the skin of a fish. However, it is important to read the ingredient labels very carefully.
 
*These are just suggestions and tips

 
*These are just suggestions and tips

On your bread or toast
Enjoy the richness of spreading one-fourth of a ripe AVOCADO on your bread or toast. Historically known as midshipman’s butter, it was used in England’s Royal Navy in the 1800’s. It’s creamy, delicious, and offers naturally beneficial fats.

Other bread spread alternatives include NUT BUTTERS (peanut, almond, macadamia, or cashew). Purchase brands that contain only roasted nuts. Avoid those with unnecessary ingredients like sugar, salt, and partially hydrogenated oils. Nut butters are delicious and healthful high-protein sources.

Consider
SEED BUTTERS made from roasted sesame seeds or sunflower seeds. TAHINI (sesame seed paste) is a good source of calcium and tastes great on whole grain pita bread or crackers.
If the
TAHINI seems a little bland, try a light sprinkle of salt or herbs such ground cumin, just as the ancient Romans did. SUNFLOWER SEED BUTTER is available in plain or flavored varieties.

Explore the world of tasty FRUIT BUTTER is a delicious spread easy and quick to prepare at home. FRUIT BUTTERS can also stand in for jam or jelly on nut butter sandwiches.
*Recipe on link below

HUMMUS

, a tasty Middle Eastern dish made from garbanzo beans, offers yet another healthy alternative to spread over breads, toast, crackers, or even whole-grain pita bread.
*Recipe on link below

provide the base for an exceptionally tasty spread that is easily prepared in a food processor with a minimum of ingredients.
*Recipe on link below
On your sandwich
Any of the TOFU or BEAN SPREADS shown below in the recipe section are ideal on sandwich breads. They make tasty, nutritious fillings along with lettuce, onions, tomatoes, pickles, or any of your favorite sandwich add-ins.

Cooking, Sautéing, and Baking
When sautéing vegetables, replace unhealthy fasts like butter, with water, vegetable broth, or wine. Create your own homemade tasty broth by adding a little low-sodium soy sauce, and a dash of vinegar, lemon, or lime juice to water or vegetable broth. Add your favorite herbs and seasonings and enjoy.

Switch to EXTRA VIRGIN OLIVE OIL, COLD PRESSED ORGANIC CANOLA OIL, or UNREFINED PEANUT OIL in small quantities, such as one or two tablespoons, when sautéing. For health considerations, the less oil used, the better. Though these three oils mentioned are high in monounsaturated fats (peanut oil is high in polyunsaturated fast), they do contain some saturated fat, a concern when preventing or reversing heart disease.

For baking pies, cakes, cookies, and quickbreads, choose SOYMILK to top your hot or cold cereal. The many varieties of SOYMILK offer plenty of options. You can find them unsweetened, lightly sweetened, very sweet, vanilla flavored, chocolate flavored, and fortified with calcium, vitamin D, and vitamin B12.

You can also enjoy
RICE MILK, OAT MILK,MULTI-GRAIN MILK, and ALMOND MILK

, or make your own nut milk in just a few seconds in the blender.
*Recipe on link below
For drinking
WATER is nature’s top choice for drinking. Enjoy several glasses a day.
With so many brands of MILK SUBSTITUTES available, it’s easy to discover some favorites. When searching for variety, choose SOYMILK, RICE MILK, OAT MILK, and ALMOND MILK. Each one is light and pleasing. Be sure to read labels carefully. Some of these alternative milks are rather high in sugar.

PURE FRUIT JUICES that are truly 100% juice provide a pleasant change from water. To avoid consuming excess sugar, limit yourself to one glass a day, especially if you are watching your calorie intake.

A cup of hot or iced HERBAL TEA can be a refreshing beverage any time of day. COFFEE SUBSTITUTES offer pleasant beverage alternatives and are caffeine-free. Most are made from natural ingredients like roasted barley, chicory, and rye.

In your hot beverages
Switch to MILK SUBSTITUTES in your HOT CHOCOLATE, HERBAL TEA, COFFEE SUBSTITUTES, or other hot beverages.

Cooking
Switch to SOYMILK for making tasty cream sauces. Use SOYMILK with a lower fat content for more delicately flavored cream sauces with a hint of sweetness. For a rich, savory cream sauce, use unsweetened SOYMILK. Even with its richness, it will only have half the saturated fat content as whole milk. To thicken the sauce, add one or two tablespoons of cornstarch or arrowroot mixed with equal amounts of water to two or three cups of gently simmering sauce, stirring constantly for about one minute until thickened. Simmer one minute longer to thoroughly incorporate the thickener.

To create cream sauce with a delicate cheese flavor, add a tablespoon or two of VEGETARIAN SUPPORT
NUTRITIONAL YEAST FLAKES

(contains vitamin B12) along with any seasonings like dried or fresh herbs and spices to the soymilk. Then bring the sauce to a simmer and thicken, if desired.

Consider RICE MILK, OAT MILK, SOYMILK, vegan VEGETABLE BROTH, and HOMEMADE NUT MILKS as alternatives to dairy products for sauces, creamed soups, and braising liquids. Each will offer pleasing flavors and textures. Experiment to discover your favorites. You’ll still enjoy richness in flavor while lowering your intake of saturated fat.

Salad Dressings
Make your favorite creamy salad dressings with unsweetened SOYMILK. For a thicker dressing, place a package of SOFT SILKEN TOFU into the blender with your favorite seasonings. Add a splash of tang with lemon juice, lime juice, or any variety of vinegar: apple cider, red or white balsamic, rice, raspberry, or red or white wine.
*Recipe on link below
Other blender dressing suggestions begin with a base of cashews, macadamias, Brazil nuts, pecans, or pine nuts and include your favorite seasonings. Consider fresh vegetables or fruits as a delicious base for tasty salad dressings. Tomatoes, red bell peppers, zucchini, or cucumbers as well as fresh fruits like oranges, tangerines, peaches, plums, nectarines, apricots, cherries, berries, and cranberries all add uniqueness to a salad dressing.

For Baking
In place of buttermilk use 1 cup of SOYMILK stirred with 1 tablespoon distilled vinegar or lemon juice. The combination does the same job of lightening and leavening a batter as the dairy version.

Desserts
Switch to frozen desserts made from SOYMILK OR RICE MILK. These include vegan ice cream, yogurt, and sorbet. There are many brands that offer exceptional flavors. Enjoy the exploration for your favorites.
SO DELICIOUS, PURELY DECADENT, RICE DREAM are some brands to consider.

If you have an ice cream maker, you can prepare endless varieties of exceptional homemade ice cream with nuts and nut milks. Try ALMONDS, HAZELNUTS, PECANS, CASHEWS, WALNUTS, MACADAMIAS, BRAZIL NUTS, OR COCONUT along with fresh fruits in season. VICE CREAM by Jeff Rogers offers a banquet of vegan recipes for making homemade ice cream; some are even raw.

Foods prepared at home have a special touch.
Make your own delicious mousse or parfait desserts with fresh fruits and
SILKEN TOFU or SOYMILK. See recipe below.

Yogurt
SOY BASED YOGURTS
 
INSTEAD OF CREAM CHEESE:
  

 
INSTEAD OF CREAM CHEESE:

 

 
INSTEAD OF SOUR CREAM:
Purchase a dairy-free, SOY-BASED SOUR CREAM or make your own low-fat version in just a few seconds in your food processor.
FOLLOW YOUR HEART

 

 
INSTEAD OF DAIRY-BASED HIGH-FAT CHEESE:   I really like the 2 guys who own Sheese, they were so nice to make me a gift of various Sheese, taste so good !  Unfortunately it is impossible to find them in the stores grrr..   (they are on my top friends on Jardin Vegan Myspace, and on all my mypsaces)

Switch to a VEGAN CHEESE such as FOLLOW YOUR HEART, CHEEZL, SHEESE, SOYMAGE, GALAXY RICE CHEESE, and VEGANRELLA. Occasionally, newer brands enter the marketplace. Though the textures of vegan cheeses will differ from familiar dairy-based cheese, you will appreciate the lower fat content and healthier plant-based alternatives without cholesterol.

 

Jardin Vegan Myspace

Some of the imitation fish may contain whey or casein, milk protein used as binders.

DAIRY ALTERNATIVES

 

INSTEAD OF BUTTER:
  
come in a myriad of delicious flavor choices. Your local natural food market offers a number of different brands that vary in taste, texture, and sweetness. For plain, unsweetened soy yogurt, choose Wildwood.

 

SOY-BASED VEGAN CREAM CHEESE alternatives taste remarkably like the real thing.
FOLLOW YOUR HEART, TOFUTTI BETTER THAN CREAM CHEESE
, SOYMAGE, and TOFUTTI SOUR SUPREME are some of the brands available. Use your soy sour cream over fruit salad, as a garnish for soups, on potato latkes, on baked potatoes, or as a base for party dips. Homemade sour cream is quick and easy to make.
*Recipe on link below

 

, and SOYMAGE are some brands available. For some fresh new ideas, you may want to switch to one or more of the SOY SPREADS that you can prepare at home.
*Recipe on link below

 

LEGUMES include the whole arena of beans, lentils, and split green or yellow peas and are delicious, high-protein alternatives to animal products. Begin by choosing one night a week to prepare a dish that features LEGUMES as the centerpiece of your meal. Build a special dish by combining your beans with vegetables and your favorite seasonings or sauces, and come away from the table feeling comfortably full rather than heavy and overstuffed.

As you become more accustomed to plant-based foods, you may enjoy two or three nights or even whole days of eating completely vegetarian.

The varieties of BEANS are numerous and each one has a uniquely different taste and texture. Explore black beans, garbanzo beans, pinto beans, lima beans, fava beans, kidney beans, black-eyed peas, great northern beans, navy beans, yellow and green split peas, and lentils of many colors and sizes. These are only a few–the list contains many more colorful bean varieties.
For information on cooking legumes, see Cooking Grains and Beans

 

INSTEAD OF CHICKEN:

 

  
INSTEAD OF HOT DOGS:

 

  
MEAT ALTERNATIVES

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In Baking:
Replace eggs with ENER-G-EGG REPLACER, an easy-to-use vegan, powdered leavening. Combine it with water, beat it with a fork until it becomes foamy, and add it to the batter when making pancakes, muffins, cakes, and cookies. Made from potato starch, tapioca flour, leavening (calcium lactate, calcium carbonate, citric acid), cellulose gum, and carbohydrate gum, the egg replacer can be purchased at natural food markets. Use 1 teaspoon ENER-G EGG REPLACER to 2 tablespoons of water for each egg.

 

is a totally vegan alternative that tastes just like the real thing. This product is vegetable oil and soy-based. Though this mayo alternative does not contain cholesterol, it is typically high in fat. Alternatively, make your own low-fat SOY MAYONNAISE in just a few seconds in your food processor.
*Recipe on link below
WHOLE-GRAIN ALTERNATIVES

INSTEAD OF WHITE BREAD: (For health)

By choosing from the multitude of WHOLE-GRAIN BREADS you’ll be gaining healthy fiber plus more vitamins and minerals from these natural grains. Look for words like “whole grain wheat flour” and “100% whole wheat flour” rather than “enriched wheat flour.” Seek out multigrain breads for their wholesome richness in flavor and benefit from the extra nutrition. When reading the nutritional labels, choose breads that have at least three grams of fiber per slice, preferably four or five grams. The higher the fiber content of your food, the better for your digestive tract.

INSTEAD OF REGULAR DURAM WHEAT PASTA: (For health)

Experiment with the many WHOLE-GRAIN PASTAS that may be new to you by discovering those made from whole wheat, quinoa, spelt, rice, corn, buckwheat, and barley. The whole-grain pastas have a higher fiber content as well as more vitamins and minerals. You can use these ALTERNATIVE PASTAS just as you would regular pasta as an entrée, in salads, and in soups such as minestrone, though you will discover that the textures have a little “tooth” to them. When using these pastas as leftovers, in most cases they will need to be rehydrated in hot or boiling water for a minute or two before adding to hot or cold salads or entrées.

INSTEAD OF REFINED GRAIN CEREALS: (For health)

Explore the myriad of CEREALS made from WHOLE GRAINS. You’ll notice the fiber content will be higher than those made from refined grains. You will also benefit from a full range of B vitamins lacking in refined grains, especially folic acid, well known for its importance in preventing birth defects such as spina bifida.

Most whole grain HOT CEREALS take no more than five minutes to prepare. Old-fashioned oatmeal makes a great start to the day, and its soluble fiber helps to lower cholesterol naturally. Tasty whole-grain cereals include oats, wheat, buckwheat, barley, brown rice, and rye. When the ingredient list contains the words, “enriched wheat flour,” you’ll know it’s not made from whole grain. Look for the words “100% WHOLE WHEAT.

SCOTTISH STEEL-CUT OAT cereals require about 30 minutes to cook. but when you are pressed for time, try this excellent, no-cook breakfast of SCOTTISH STEEL-CUT OATS. Soak a serving portion of the oats overnight in water to cover.
Next morning, drain the water and add one or more of the following: chopped fresh fruits, dried fruits, nuts, flaxseed meal, soymilk, nut milk, rice milk,
hemp milk, or oat milk.

Discover an amazing variety of nutritious WHOLE GRAIN COLD CEREALS. Grains that may be new to you might include kamut, quinoa, amaranth, spelt, and millet. These are often combined with wheat, corn, or oats to bring you an array of tasty breakfast cereals. Read the ingredient lists carefully to avoid those cereals containing excess sugar.

INSTEAD OF WHITE RICE:
Discover the mosaic of WHOLE GRAINS that take no longer to cook than white rice, while some may require up to one hour of cooking.

The quick cooking ones, those that cook in 15 to 20 minutes, include BUCKWHEAT (or kasha), BULGUR, BARLEY FLAKES, TEFF, and QUINOA.

BROWN RICE varieties, from long grain
Basmati to the short grain glutinous rice to the unique Japonica type, require about 35 to 45 minutes, as do oat groats and cracked wheat.
Polenta (corn grits) requires about 25 to 30 minutes to cook.

Long-cooking grains that require 50 to 60 minutes of cooking include
PEARL BARLEY, WILD RICE, WHEAT BERRIES, SPELT BERRIES, and RYE BERRIES

.

SNACK ALTERNATIVES
INSTEAD OF UNHEALTHY SNACKS:

Unfortunately, when many people think of snacks, they picture something sugar-sweetened or highly salted. Excess sugar and salt have dire health consequences. Fortunately, there are a multitude of healthier options.

Treat yourself to a piece FRESH FRUIT in season instead of unhealthy fat and calorie-loaded potato or corn chips.

RAW NUTS OR SEEDS in small quantities such as one or two handfuls a day are nutritious and satisfying. Avoid nuts that are roasted in oil–these may contain partially hydrogenated oils, trans fats that may become artery clogging. These trans fats raise LDLs (the bad cholesterol) and even lower the HDLs (the good cholesterol).

Pass on the salted nuts as well. It’s easy to consume an excess of salt that contributes to high blood pressure. Salt also disguises the rich flavor of nuts in their natural state. Dry roasted nuts and seeds are delicious with a pleasant crunchiness and enhanced flavor that make a nutritious snack. To dry-roast nuts at home, preheat the oven to 350 degrees (Gas Mark 4), place the nuts on a baking sheet, place it in the oven, and roast for 8 to 10 minutes. Remove the nuts to a dish to cool completely, and they will become crisp.

AIR-POPPED POPCORN is an ideal snack. If you’re used to heavily seasoned popped corn, you may appreciate the opportunity to discover the true taste of popped corn without the cover-ups. Many seasoned popcorn varieties contain partially hydrogenated oils and high sodium content.

Commercially made cookies, cakes, and candies may contain eggs, dairy products, and partially hydrogenated oils. Discover the joy of vegan baking without eggs, dairy products, and trans fats. Check out the Vegparadise Bookshelf for an extensive listing of vegan cookbooks.

Choose a NATURAL PEANUT BUTTER, ALMOND BUTTER, or CASHEW BUTTER to spread on celery sticks, endive leaves, whole-grain breads, crackers, banana slices, romaine lettuce leaves, or apple slices. Avoid nut butters with partially hydrogenated oils, sweeteners, preservatives, or salt. The rich flavor of natural nut butters is so rewarding, you won’t miss the unnecessary add-ins.

Discover the natural whole-grain flavor and high fiber of RYE-CRISP, RYE-VITA, KAVLI, or WASA crackers instead of commercially made crackers that may contain refined flours and partially hydrogenated oils. These natural whole-grain crackers are made from 100% whole rye.
Top a rye cracker with
NATURAL NUT BUTTER and slices of bananas for a delicious snack.

There’s always CARROT AND CELERY STICKS, but have you ever tasted the crisp sweetness of fresh, raw ORGANIC SUGAR, is sugar cane that has the water removed or evaporated. This sugar has not gone through the last step in the typical refining process of granulated sugar. That step involves clarifying the sugar over charred animal bones to make it white. While evaporated cane juice may have an off-white color, it is totally vegan and has the same level of sweetness as granulated sugar. Use it just as you would granulated sugar.

SUCANAT is a light brown sugar alternative that can be used like brown sugar. Made from whole cane juice, SUCANAT contains 100% of the natural molasses. It even stays soft longer than brown sugar.

MAPLE SYRUP is the natural sap taken from maple trees, and then boiled until syrupy. It’s an ideal sweetener for pancakes, waffles, smoothies, beverages, and all varieties of baked goods. Use 2/3 cup to 3/4 cup in place of 1 cup of granulated sugar. When baking, add 1/4 teaspoon baking soda for each cup of maple syrup. Purchase U.S. organic maple syrup to avoid illegal formaldehyde pellets some producers add during processing. Once the container is opened, keep it refrigerated.

MAPLE SUGAR (DEHYDRATED MAPLE SYRUP) is in crystal form and makes an excellent sugar alternative. Use cup for cup as you would granulated or brown sugar.

AGAVE NECTAR is a liquid sweetener similar to honey and is extracted from the agave plant, a large succulent with thick fleshy leaves and spiny edges. In recipes, use 25% less AGAVE NECTAR or 3/4 cup in place of 1 cup of granulated sugar. Reduce the recipe’s liquid by one third and lower the oven temperature of baked goods by 25 degrees.

BARLEY MALT is a thick honey-like substance made from barley that has gone through a soaking and drying process to extract its sugar. Considered half as sweet as granulated sugar, BARLEY MALT is an ideal substitute when you need a delicate sweetness. Use 1 1/3 cups BARLEY MALT in place of 1 cup of granulated sugar and reduce the recipe’s liquid by one-fourth. When baking, add 1/4 teaspoon baking soda per cup of BARLEY MALT.

BROWN RICE SYRUP is similar to barley malt in its degree of sweetness and its thick honey-like texture. This sweetener is not recommended for baking cakes or breads because it creates a soggy texture. Use it for sweetening tea or other hot beverages, smoothies, and blender juices. For granola, pies, cookies, puddings, and fruit crisps, use 1 1/3 cups BROWN RICE SYRUP in place of each cup of grranulated sugar and reduce the recipe’s liquid by one-fourth. Add 1/4 teaspoon baking soda per cup of BROWN RICE SYRUP. Refrigerate the container after opening.

MOLASSES makes a good substitute for sugar in baking breads. Because of its pungent, distinctive flavor, it’s best used in small amounts. Molasses shines as a beverage called liquid toffee. To make this treat, put 1 teaspoon of molasses into a coffee mug and fill it with boiling water. Stir it well, then taste. If needed, adjust the quantity of molasses. Drink and enjoy.

DATE SUGAR or
DATE CRYSTALS are dehydrated ground dates that are used cup for cup as you would granulated sugar. Date sugar is ideal for apple or other fruit crisps or crunchy toppings, but be careful to prevent burning. This sweetener works best in combination with other sweeteners.

WHOLE DATES

are ideal to sweeten blender beverages like smoothies and shakes as well as parfaits and fruit mousses. Chop the dates and add them to breads, cookies, granola, fruit salads, and many baked desserts. Combine dates and finely ground nuts in the food processor to create a tasty no-bake pie crust for raw desserts.

DESSERT ALTERNATIVES
INSTEAD OF COOKIES, CAKES, CANDIES:

Treat yourself to a host of delicious FRUITS IN SEASON. The sweetness of fresh fruits will almost always satisfy the craving for that “something sweet” while supplying healthy nutrients as well.

WINTER FRUITS include numerous varieties of crisp apples, juicy pears, and sweet tangerines. Winter is the ideal time to enjoy navel oranges, grapefruits, and pomelos.

SPRING FRUITS that offer a refreshing break include blackberries, strawberries, Valencia oranges, pears, or crisp apples.

YEAR ROUND FRUITS include, kiwis, oranges, pineapples, grapes, and many varieties of bananas such as plantains, burro, manzano, red bananas, and lady fingers.

SUMMER FRUITS include the stone fruits such as peaches, nectarines, plums, and apricots. There are also Bartlett pears, cherries, grapes, mangoes, papayas, pineapples, honeydews, cantaloupes, watermelon, and many other melon varieties.

AUTUMN FRUITS offer a delightful selection of persimmons, pomegranates, and navel oranges that come to market by October.

Sweeter still are DRIED FRUITS. Practically every kind of fruit has been dried and packaged for sale. Look for those that have not been preserved with sulfur dioxide or added sugar. Because dried fruits are very high in concentrated sugar, enjoy them in small servings.

Fresh or frozen FRUIT SMOOTHIES

and parfaits sweetened with dates are cooling and refreshing treats, especially in the summer. Blend them with soymilk or soft silken tofu for a rich, yet healthful, high-protein dessert.
See recipe below
SOY-BASED ICE CREAM comes in a variety of enjoyable flavors. Be sure to read the labels to avoid any unwanted ingredients. Ice cream aficionados may want to invest in an ice cream machine to make their own homemade taste treats.

VEGAN COOKIES are quickly finding a place in natural food markets. Look for them in specialty stores and request them from your local supermarket chain. For delicious homemade cookies, check the Vegparadise Bookshelf for a large selection of excellent vegan cookbooks.
HONEY For vegan alternatives to honey see SUGAR
ALTERNATIVES.

*Road To Vegetaria -Recipes

(The recipes is at the bottom)

 

You can also replace 1 egg with any of the following options:
2 to 4 tablespoons of MASHED TOFU
1/4 cup SOFT TOFU mixed with the liquid listed in the recipe
1/4 cup ripe MASHED BANANA, APPLESAUCE, or PRUNE PUREE mixed with 1/2 teaspoon baking powder
1 tablepoon GROUND FLAXSEED mixed with 3 tablespoons water
1 tablespoon WHOLE FLAXSEEDS and 2 tablespoons water processed in the blender until thick and viscous.

1/8 teaspoon BAKING POWDER mixed with the dry ingredients
1 tablespoon CORNSTARCH plus 1 tablespoon instant soymilk powder beaten with 2 tablespoons water
2 tablespoons FLOUR plus 1 1/2 teaspoons vegetable oil plus 1/2 teaspoon baking powder beaten with 2 tablespoons water.

INSTEAD OF MAYONNAISE:

 

EGG ALTERNATIVES
INSTEAD OF EGG SALAD:Purchase MOCK EGG SALAD made from tofu or prepare your own version from an easy, basic recipe below with regular or firm tofu. Alter the seasonings or add your own special touch and it becomes your original creation.
*Recipe on link below
 

 

Cooking — Imitation Scrambled Eggs:
In place of scrambled eggs, enjoy a TOFU SCRAMBLE made from a simple recipe. By eliminating eggs, you’ll be avoiding added cholesterol and cutting down on your intake of saturated fat. As with any recipe, experiment with the ingredients and seasonings to result in flavors and textures that please you. Your TOFU SCRAMBLE can consist of just tofu and seasonings, or you can combine your favorite vegetables in a quick stir-fry before adding the tofu.
* Recipe on link below

 

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