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sur le site de la Fondation Brigitte Bardot  : Bravo et Merci BB !

Lettre ouverte à François Hollande

Allez, courage Président !

Ce mercredi 27 avril 2016, Brigitte Bardot adresse à François Hollande une lettre ouverte, publiée dans une pleine page (4e de couverture nationale du Parisien/Aujourd’hui-en-France). “J’espère que ma supplique va provoquer un déclic pour les candidats à la présidentielle. Comme ils ont tous le même programme, je lance un appel à voter pour le candidat qui aura une intension ferme et déterminée pour la protection des animaux, qui doit être un des grands enjeux de la campagne” a t-elle confié à l’AFP.

Monsieur le Président,

Dans cette lettre ultime, qui résume les nombreuses autres que je vous ai envoyées ainsi qu’à votre ministre de l’Agriculture depuis 4 longues années, je vous fais une supplique intense et urgente.

Vous qui n’êtes pas arrivé à améliorer le sort des Français, ne pouvez-vous pas laisser de votre passage un souvenir inoubliable en usant de votre pouvoir pour enfin mettre un terme au sort inadmissible que subissent les animaux, toujours considérés comme de la marchandise de rentabilité ?

Les animaux ne réclament rien, ils ne sont que les victimes incessantes des diverses cruautés et perversités humaines.

Aucun Président n’a encore eu le courage et l’empathie de se préoccuper ou d’agir en faveur de ce monde animal méprisé et oublié de tous.

Les Français sont des centaines de milliers à soutenir les associations et Fondations de protection animale, ils nous supplient de faire évoluer ce qui les scandalise dans des domaines qui dépendent exclusivement de vous puisque nous n’avons aucun pouvoir effectif contre :

  • La mafia de la viande qui mène le monde,
  • Le lobby de la chasse qui impose ses règles,
  • Les laboratoires d’expérimentation animale tout-puissants, état dans l’état,
  • La tauromachie et autres « traditions » qui torturent et tuent,
  • Les dérogations accordées aux sacrifices rituels dans les abattoirs, grave entrave à la loi française,
  • Le scandale de l’hippophagie qui transforme la plus noble conquête de l’homme en lasagne
  • La chasse à courre privilège barbare d’une noblesse obsolète…

Toutes ces compromissions admises depuis des lustres sont responsables du sort tragique de millions d’animaux sacrifiés dans la douleur, sans qu’aucun responsable ne s’en émeuve.

Mais le monde change, la société change, tous ces lobbies réunis sont puissants mais représentent aujourd’hui moins de voix que les défenseurs des animaux.

Puisque vous avez choisi « le changement » comme slogan présidentiel, je pense qu’il serait temps pour vous de l’appliquer aux animaux avec toute la détermination que vous pouvez avoir, quitte à user à bon escient pour une fois de l’article 49-3.

Je me permets d’insister sur la priorité de cette supplique, me battant courageusement depuis 43 ans pour obtenir ce que je n’ai toujours pas obtenu et ayant atteint un âge qui ne me permet plus d’attendre plus longtemps, je place en vous cet ultime espoir : obtenir enfin une victoire pour les animaux…

Allez, courage Président !

Brigitte Bardot

Présidente

Image and video hosting by TinyPic
It was stunning some time ago to learn that Bill Clinton was getting meat off his plate, now the update on CNN is encouraging and morever the many people who think that going vegan is nutties’ privilege will have to reconsider. While President Obama didnt keep his word about giving some space to the Animal Rights and Veganism, Mr Bill Clinton has been doing something that he probably never thought he would. So goes our world..

Watch the video about the Dietary Education of Bill Clinton. He recongnises himself as a Vegan now, not eating any animal product, nor fish, milk nor dairies, although during last Thanksgiving he had a bite of turkey. Well done Mr Clinton !!

The video on CNN HERE  – copied below

FRANCAIS :

L’ancien Président des USA, Bill Clinton avait pris la décision de devenir végétaLien après des ennuis de santé. Quelques années plus tard, il nous ravit en faisant le compte rendu de son nouveau mode d’alimentation, et admet dans l’interview publiée par CNN qu’il se considère comme “VégétaLien” puisqu’il ne mange plus aucun produit animal, ni sous produits d’animaux, ni poissons, ni oeufs, ni laitages et produits laitiers. Bravo Monsieur Clinton, merci pour un témoignage qui fera réfléchir tous ceux qui pensent encore qu’être VégétaLien appartient aux personnes bizarres.  Ce qi est bizarre est que le Président Obama n’a tenu aucune des promesses faites publiquement aux Vegans mais qu’un homme comme Bill Clinton ait fait ce qu’il n’aurait jamais pensé faire un jour : cesser la consommation des animaux.. Ainsi va notre monde..

L’interview complète sur CNN et la vidéo :  De Mangeur de Viandes à VégétaLien

http://i.cdn.turner.com/cnn/.element/apps/cvp/3.0/swf/cnn_416x234_embed.swf?context=embed_edition&videoId=health/2011/08/18/clinton.vegan.diet.cnn

CNN :

By the time he reached the White House, Bill Clinton’s appetite was legend. He loved hamburgers, steaks, chicken enchiladas, barbecue and french fries but wasn’t too picky. At one campaign stop in New Hampshire, he reportedly bought a dozen doughnuts and was working his way through the box until an aide stopped him.

Former President Clinton now considers himself a vegan. He’s dropped more than 20 pounds, and he says he’s healthier than ever. His dramatic dietary transformation took almost two decades and came about only after a pair of heart procedures and some advice from a trusted doctor.

His dietary saga began in 1993, when first lady Hillary Clinton decided to inaugurate a new, healthier diet for her husband. In a meeting, she asked Dr. Dean Ornish to work with the White House chefs, who were accustomed to high fat, French cuisine.

Ornish: Asking the right questions about health care

Even with the revamped White House menu, Clinton battled his weight throughout his two terms as president. At his annual physical in 1999, the White House physician noted the president had put on 18 pounds since a checkup two years earlier. The prescription: refocus on exercise and a low-calorie diet.

Clinton didn’t know it, but weight was not his biggest health concern. The 42nd president has a family history of heart disease, and plaque was building up in the coronary arteries leading to his heart, undetected by White House doctors.

American Heart Association: Learn and live

In 2004, less than four years after leaving office, the 58-year-old Clinton felt what he described as a tightness in his chest as he returned home from New Orleans, where he was promoting his memoir, “My Life.” Days later, he underwent quadruple bypass surgery to restore blood flow to his heart.

“I was lucky I did not die of a heart attack,” Clinton told CNN’s Dr. Sanjay Gupta. After the surgery, the former president cut down on his calories and lowered the cholesterol in his diet, but his heart troubles were not over.

Last year, the former president went to Haiti to support the relief efforts but he felt weak. When he returned home, he learned he needed another heart procedure: two stents to open one of the veins from his bypass surgery, which had become, in Clinton’s words, “pretty bent and ugly.”

Ornish recalls meeting with Clinton a few days after his angioplasty. “I shared with him that because of his genetics, moderate changes in diet and lifestyle weren’t enough to keep his disease from progressing. However, our research showed that more intensive changes change actually reverse progression of heart disease in most people.”

Will you have a heart attack? These tests can tell

“I told him, ‘The friends that mean the most to me are the ones that tell me what I need to hear, not necessarily what I want to hear. And you need to know your genes are not your fate. And I say this not to blame you but to empower you. And I’m happy to work with you to whatever extent you want,'” Ornish recalled. They met a few days later, he said.

Clinton then decided to make profound changes in the way he eats.

“I essentially concluded that I had played Russian roulette,” Clinton said, “because even though I had changed my diet some and cut down on the caloric total of my ingestion and cut back on much of the cholesterol in the food I was eating, I still — without any scientific basis to support what I did — was taking in a lot of extra cholesterol without knowing if my body would produce enough of the enzyme to support it, and clearly it didn’t or I wouldn’t have had that blockage. So that’s when I made a decision to really change.”

The former president now says he consumes no meat, no dairy, no eggs, almost no oil.

“I like the vegetables, the fruits, the beans, the stuff I eat now,” Clinton told Gupta.

The former president’s goal is to avoid any food that could damage his blood vessels. His dietary guides are Ornish and Dr. Caldwell Esselstyn Jr., who directs the cardiovascular prevention and reversal program at The Cleveland Clinic Wellness Institute. Both doctors have concluded that a plant-based diet can prevent and, in some cases, actually reverse heart disease.

“All my blood tests are good, and my vital signs are good, and I feel good, and I also have, believe it or not, more energy,” Clinton said. His latest goal: getting his weight down to 185, what he weighed when he was 13 years old.

Clinton is trying to spread his newfound zeal for healthy eating to children. The Clinton Foundation has teamed up with the American Heart Association and is helping 12,000 schools promote exercise and offer better lunches so decades from now, today’s children will not face the same heart troubles he has.

“It’s turning a ship around before it hits the iceberg, but I think we’re beginning to turn it around,” Clinton said.

Watch Sanjay Gupta MD Saturday and Sunday at 7:30am ET. For the latest from Sanjay Gupta MD click here.

This is a good article that exposes the truth .. Although I dont agree with the author’s conclusion : we can avoid porc and as a Vegan I read more than once the labels of every product I buy. The industries are slowing starting to replace porc in their products same go for (some) the pharmaceutical companies

By Marcus Dunk
Last updated at 1:18 PM on 3rd October 2009

Enlarge the picture above to read what use is made of each part of a porc

When we tuck into a bacon sandwich, few of us wonder what has happened to the other parts of the pig whose life has been sacrificed so we can enjoy a juicy breakfast.

But one inquisitive writer set out to trace where all the body parts of one porker ended up.

Christein Meindertsma, 29, said: ‘Like most people, I had little idea of what happens to a pig after it leaves the abattoir so I decided to try to find out. I approached a pig farmer friend who agreed let me follow one of his animals.’

dentified by its yellow ear tag number, 05049, her pig trail ended with her identifying an incredible 185 different uses to which it was put  –  from the manufacture of sweets and shampoo, to bread, body lotion, beer and bullets.

Christein said: ‘I was shocked when I began to find out just how unusual and varied the different uses for a ordinary pig were. It’s almost as if these days, a pig is no longer thought of an animal  –  more like an industrial raw material with a mind-blowing amount of different uses.’

She found that 4.9lbs of her 16st 3lb pig went to making wine gums, while 4.8lbs went into liquorice. In this process, collagen is taken from the pig and is then converted into gelatine. This finds its way into numerous foodstuffs, where it acts as a gelling agent.

Although not all sweets in the UK contain pork gelatine, many do  –  including Marks & Spencer’s hugely popular and aptly-named Percy Pigs sweets.

It is not only sweets that contain pork gelatine. In some beers, wines and fruit juices, pig gelatine is used to remove the cloudiness from the drink. It works as a clarifying agent by reacting with the tannins in the liquid and absorbing the cloudiness.

Some ice creams, whipped creams, yoghurts and certain butters also contain gelatine, as do certain pet foods. More surprisingly, a number of medicines also contain pig gelatine  –  everything from painkillers to multivitamins.

Hygiene and beauty products are also made of pig. Fatty acids extracted from the bone fat of pigs are used in shampoos and conditioners to give them their shiny, pearl-like appearance. These acids can also be found in a number of body lotions, foundations and anti-wrinkle creams. Glycerine made from pork fat is also an ingredient in many types of toothpaste.

Christein, from Holland, found that while some companies were reluctant to cooperate in her quest, others claimed that they didn’t even realise their products contained elements taken from a pig because of the middle men involved in the complex distribution process.

The confusion is not helped by the fact that it is not clear on products’ ingredient labels where they originally came from.

According to the Food Standards Authority, there is no legal obligation for manufacturers to specify whether the gelatine they use is from a pig or another animal. When it is specified, it is often confusingly referred to as Suilline gelatine.

According to Richard Lutwyche  –  a British pig farmer with more than 60 years experience, chair of the Traditional Breeds Meat Marketing Company and a member of the British Pig Association  –  the reasons for much of this confusion is due to the industrial-scale of much pig farming.

‘In the UK, big commercial farms send their pigs to large abattoirs. The abattoir will find different markets for all the by-products,’ he says. ‘Everything they can’t sell they have to incinerate, so it’s in their best interest to sell as much as they can.

‘There’s an old expression that says: when it comes to pig, you can use everything but the squeal. Over the past 100 years those uses have expanded rapidly.’

Some of the surprising products that can include pig material include photographic film, which uses collagen from pig bones; shoes that use bone glue from pigs to improve the quality of the leather; and certain paints that use bone fat to enhance their glossy properties.

Some makers of cigarettes use haemoglobin from pig’s blood in their filters. Apparently this element works as a sort of ‘artificial lung’ in the cigarette so, they claim, ‘harmful reactions take place before the chemicals reach the user’.

And the next time you buy a loaf of bread you would be well advised to read the packaging. Some manufacturers use an ingredient called L-cysteine, which is a protein made from pig or other animal hair and which is used to soften the dough.

A product like Tesco’s Plain Tortilla Wraps includes this ingredient. The strangest use for a pig by-product that Christein found was in bullets and explosives. Pig bone gelatine was used to help transport the gunpowder or cordite into the bullet. It is difficult not to be impressed by the sheer versatility of this animal and its parts.

Virtually nothing in a pig goes to waste. The snout from Pig 05049 became a deep-fried dog snack, while pig ears are sometimes used for chemical weapon testing due to their similarity to human tissue.

Tattoo artists even buy sections of pig skin to practise their craft on due to its similarity to human skin, while it is occasionally used with burns patients for the same reason.

Pigs make an enormous contribution to medicine, with insulin, the blood-thinning drug heparin and pig heart valves all vital.

However, for vegetarians, Jews keeping kosher, Muslims and anybody else wishing to avoid pig products, this may not be such good news.

The complex workings of the global food and processing industry have ensured that it is almost impossible to avoid pig altogether.

http://video.ted.com/assets/player/swf/EmbedPlayer.swf

Un petit tour dans le monde caché de l’utilisation du porc dans les produits de consommation. Une face cachée sournoise .. Je ne suis pas d’accord avec la conclusion de l’auteur selon laquelle on ne peut éviter des produits utilisant du porc :  Comme de nombreux Vegans,  je lis très attentivement le contenu de chaque produit que j’achète, il suffit de les éviter d’autant plus que maintenant il existe des produits mis sur le marché qui ne contiennent aucun additif dérivé de porc.  Les laboratoires ont également mis au point des produits de synthèse, il est important de les soutenir en utilisant leurs produits.

Je publie cet article ici afin qu’il ne soit pas perdu. Cet article est une traduction réalisée par al-har.com de l’article de Marcus Dunk paru sur le site du Daily Mail anglais le 3 octobre 2009 sous le titre « Bullets, bread and beer, tambourines and toothpaste… and the 180 other things you can to do with a PIG« 
L’article en Français publié http://www.al-har.fr/blog/2010/04/05/du-porc-dans-les-filtres-de-cigarettes

Christein Meindertsma, 29 ans, nous dit : «Comme la plupart des gens, je n’avais aucune idée de ce qui arrive à un cochon après sa sortie de l’abattoir, alors j’ai décidé d’essayer de le découvrir. Je me suis approché d’un ami éleveur de porcs qui a accepté de me laisser suivre l’un de ses animaux. »

Identifié par une étiquette jaune à son oreille, portant le numéro 05049, son parcours de porc se termine après avoir dénombré quelques 185 usages différents pour lequel il a servi (pour la fabrication de bonbons, de shampoing, de pain, de lotion pour le corps, de bière ou encore de munitions).

Christein dit: «J’ai été choqué quand j’ai commencé à voir quelles utilisations inhabituelle et varié pouvait-on faire d’un cochon ordinaire. C’est presque comme si de nos jours, un porc n’etait plus perçu comme un animal, mais plutôt comme une matière première industrielle permettant des utilisations infinies».

Elle constata qu’une partie de son cochon allait devenir de la gomme à vin (en remplacement de la gomme arabique traditionnelle), tandis qu’une autre entrerait dans la composition de la réglisse. Dans ce processus, le collagène est d’abord extrait du porc pour être ensuite converti en gélatine. Ceci avant d’être utilisé dans de nombreuses denrées alimentaires industrielles, dans lesquelles il agit comme un agent gélifiant.

Si tous les bonbons au Royaume-Uni sont exempts de gélatine de porc, un grand nombre en contiennent (y compris chez Marks & Spencer, très populaire, et ses bien nommé « Percy Pigs sweets »…)  – Elargir la photo en haut de page pour lire les diverses description.

Il n’y a pas que les bonbons…

Mais les bonbons sont loin d’être le seul produit contenant de la gélatine de porc : on en trouve aussi dans la bière, les vins, et les jus de fruits. Dans ces produits, la gélatine de porc est utilisée pour supprimer la turbidité de la boisson. Elle travaille comme agent de clarification par réaction avec les tanins contenus dans le liquide en en absorbant l’opacité (note du traducteur : d’où les fameux jus de pommes transparents qu’il est impossible d’obtenir à la maison… méfions nous !).

Certaines crèmes glacées, crèmes fouettées, yaourts et beurres contiennent aussi de la gélatine, tout comme certains aliments pour animaux de compagnie. Plus surprenant, un certain nombre de médicaments en contiennent également de la gélatine de porc, comme les analgésiques, ou les cachets de type « multivitamines ».

De nombreux produits d’hygiène et de beauté sont également faits à base de porc. Les acides gras extraits de l’os de porcs gras sont utilisés dans les shampooings et revitalisants pour chevaux, afin de leur donner leur brillant. Ces acides peuvent également être trouvés dans un certain nombre de lotions pour le corps, les fond de teint et les crèmes anti-rides. La glycérine à base de graisse de porc est aussi un ingrédient dans de nombreux dentifrices.

Christein, de Hollande, a constaté que si certaines entreprises ont été réticentes à coopérer dans sa quête, d’autres ont fait valoir qu’elles n’utilisaient pas de produits contenant d’éléments porcins parce que des hommes du Moyen-Orient étaient impliqués dans le processus de distribution.

La confusion est facilitée par le fait que les étiquettes de certains articles ne mentionnent pas de quoi sont issus les produits utilisés pour leur fabreication.

Selon la « Food Standard Authority »‘ (Autorité des normes alimentaires), il n’y a aucune obligation légale pour les fabricants de préciser si la gélatine qu’ils utilisent est issue d’un porc ou d’un autre animal. Quand cela est spécifié, elle est souvent nommée « gélatine animale ».

Selon Richard Lutwyche, un éleveur de porcs britanniques avec plus de 60 ans d’expérience, président de la « Traditional Breeds Meat Marketing Company » (société traditionnelle de commercialisation des races à viande), et membre de l’Association britannique du Porc, cette confusion est en grande partie dueà l’élevage porcin industriel : «Au Royaume-Uni, les grandes exploitations commerciales envoient leurs porcs aux grands abattoirs, et ces derniers essayent de trouver tous les marchés possibles pour écouler les sous-produits qui en sont issus». «Tout ce qu’ils ne peuvent pas vendre ils doivent l’incinérer, donc il est dans leur intérêt d’en vendre autant qu’ils le peuvent». «Il ya une vieille expression anglaise qui dit : « tout est bon dans le cochon, sauf son cri ». Au cours des 100 dernières années, ces usages se sont développés rapidement.

Certains des produits surprenants qui peuvent inclure des matières de porcs sont, entre autres, les film photographique, qui utilise le collagène des os de porc, les chaussures qui utilisent de la colle d’os de porcs pour améliorer la qualité du cuir, et les peintures qui utilisent  la graisse pour renforcer leurs propriétés de brillant.

Certains fabricants de cigarettes utilisent de l’hémoglobine du sang de porc dans leurs filtres. Apparemment, cet élément fonctionne comme une sorte de «poumon artificiel» dans la cigarette afin, disent-ils, «que les réactions nocives aient lieu avant que les produits chimiques n’atteignent l’utilisateur».

La prochaine fois que vous achèterez une miche de pain, vous seriez bien avisés de lire l’emballage. Certains fabricants utilisent un composant appelé L-cystéine, qui est une protéine à base de porc ou de poils d’autres animaux, qui est utilisé pour adoucir la pâte.

Un produit comme les « Tortilla wraps » de Tesco comprend cet ingrédient. La plus surprenante utilisation que constata Christein fut dans les balles et les explosifs. La gélatine d’os de porc est utilisée pour aider à transporter la poudre ou de cordite dans la balle. Il est difficile de ne pas être impressionné par la polyvalence même de cet animal et de ses parties.

Le museau de porc frits 05049 est devenu une friandise pour chien, tandis que les oreilles de porc sont parfois utilisées pour les essais d’armes chimiques en raison de leur similitude avec les tissus humains.

De même, certains tatoueurs débutants achètent des morceaux de peau de cochon afin de s’exercer pour leur métier, du fait de sa similitude avec la peau humaine. Cette dernière est parfois utilisée avec des patients brûle pour la même raison.

Porcs apportent une énorme contribution à la médecine, avec l’insuline et les valvules cardiaques de porcs, des éléments essentiels.

Toutefois, pour les végétariens, les juifs, les musulmans, et quiconque souhaitant éviter les produits de porc, cela peut ne pas être forcément une si bonne nouvelle.

Le fonctionnement complexe de l’industrie alimentaire mondiale et de l’industrie de transformation ont fait en sorte qu’il est presque impossible d’éviter complètement le porc.

http://video.ted.com/assets/player/swf/EmbedPlayer.swf

This is one of the most complete article about Vegan dogs. Our 3 pets are vegan so were our 2 companions who passed away 2 years ago. They both lived to the age of 16 and 14, had never been sick during their entire life.  Anyone who is vegan and finds it difficult to feed their dogs on animal meats will find all the answers from an awsome vegan activist, poet author and vegan chef  http://www.veganpoet.com/index.htm

Our vegan pets sleeping after on afternoon playing – they enjoy vegan food ..

Dogs are honest about their feelings. Love is irresistible and dogs seem to easily feel someone’s love for them. We’ve been fortunate to share life with a number of vegan dogs. Yes, Beautiful, Magic, Vegan, Miracles, Baba, Kisses, Valiant, etc. represent the pinnacle of their species and are at the helm of the ‘vegan dog movement’.  We would like to share the knowledge attained from our experience caring for vegan dogs.

A dog is by genus classified as a carnivore, but metabolically, they are omnivores. You can feel safe knowing that you can raise dogs on a vegan diet. In fact, with careful attention to their nutritional needs, (as you would give to your own), they actually thrive! They become gentler, cleaner, more lovable, and will abound with good health. The health of our dogs has surprised a few conventional vets. 
 
A dog’s protein requirements are greater than ours. To ensure that your dog gets enough protein, calcium, vitamin D and all other nutrients, feed them a varied diet of:

legumes
tempeh, tofu, well-cooked beans, lentils, soy beans, sprouted/cooked chick peas or hummus, sprouted lentils (ground/blended), etc.

well-cooked whole grains
brown rice, quinoa, millet, corn grits, polenta or blended corn kernels, whole grain bread or pasta, oats, etc.

potatoes
white or sweet, seasoned and oiled for palatability (in small pieces and/or mashed, to make it more digestible)

Seitan or wheat-meat
made of gluten flour (high in protein)

Some vegetables
(in small pieces and/or mashed, to make it more digestible)

Along with certain supplements

Fruit in small amounts if they will eat it.

And take them on daily walks in the sunshine.

Approximately a third to a half of the meal will consist of a protein source (from the paragraph above). About half of the meal can be made up of a variety of whole grains, which are a source of carbohydrates and protein, as well as essential vitamins and minerals.  The Vegan Dog Nutrition Association recommends the base of the meal to be comprised of soybeans, lentils, rice, oats and sweet potatoes. They have published a downloadable recipe for a balanced vegan diet. See their link at the end of this article.
 
The remaining portion should be made up of raw and cooked vegetables, as well as supplemental items listed below. Meals should be served at room temperature or slightly warmed, along with a clean bowl of water.
Non-vegan dogs generally eat one meal a day, whereas vegan dogs should get smaller meals, twice daily, and snacks. A healthy snack would be several vegan dog biscuits (see below) or a handful or two (depending on the size of your dog) of vegan dry kibble produced by one of the companies listed below. Or a few bites of toast that your dog would appreciate sharing!

Oil requirements can be met with avocado; a rich source of vitamins. (There is some disagreement over the issue of including avocado in a dog’s diet. See note below*) Most dogs will love it, but it might take a little getting used to, at first. Another source to include is 1-2 tablespoons of tahini (sesame seed butter), which is a rich source of calcium.  Their calcium requirements can also be met by adding finely chopped raw dark greens to their meal, and also by mixing in some canned pure vegetarian dog food which they find irresistible! We mix some of the marketed moist food in with meals to help meet nutritional requirements. In the United States, quite a few companies (see below) produce a complete, plant-based, canned wet dog food which meets their nutritional needs. They are a superior quality than most commercial dog foods, which contain slaughterhouse by-products and other unimaginable ingredients. Our preference and practice is to mix the plant-based commercial food with wholesome homemade meals, similar to what you yourself would eat.
 
* Armaiti May says: “There seem to be mixed reports concerning the safety of avocados. I’ve heard of dogs eating avocados and being just fine, but there are some cases where cardiotoxicity (heart problems) has been associated with large quantities of avocado consumption (esp. if the pit of the avocado is consumed). It’s not something that is fully understood, and as I said, I know there are lots of dogs who eat avocados and are just fine.”

To ensure they receive the necessary essential fatty acids (omegas 3, 6, & 9), add 1 teaspoon – 1 tablespoon of a vegan oil blend complete with total essential fatty acids. Some brands have a balanced blend of Borage Oil, Evening Primrose Oil and Certified Organic Flax Oil, such as Health From the Sun’s ‘Total EFA’ or the brand called Veg’n EFA Oil Blend, www.myvega.com. Mustard seed oil contains all the essential fatty acids. An alternative (though it’s not as complete), would be flax seed oil, hemp seed oil, or 1 teaspoon of ground or soaked flax seeds. (This is beneficial for vegan humans as well). (‘Deva’ and ‘V-Pure’ are now producing vegan DHA, long chain fatty-acids from seaweed in a capsule for humans, which you can share with your companion animals.) Flax or ‘Total EFA’ oil also serves other purposes such as helping joint function and coat health. There are many studies that confirm the powerful healing benefits of giving dogs flax seed oil. These oils are especially important for senior dogs.

As dogs age and degenerative disc diseases occur, an anti-inflammatory such as ginger rhizome in a non-gelatin capsule can be included in their meals (or stuck into a vegan meat analog, disguising the potent taste). When using nutritional supplements or nutraceuticals to reverse or treat disorders, allow 30 days or more to see improvements. We learned this from experience as well as from veterinary advice. (One exception: we once noticed an incredible change in a dog’s coat in just ONE WEEK of adding flax oil to the meal.) A bad-tasting supplement, in tab or V-cap form, can be given to a dog by sticking it inside of a piece of a vegan hot dog or Tofurky vegan sausage or the like. This makes it fun for them to take their supplements. It works with most dogs. (Baba got sick of taking supplements after a while, and figured out how to eat the meat analog and spit out the supplement, every time!) I will sometimes stick a vitamin B-12 sublingual dot (vegetarian formula) under the tongue or in the mouth of senior dogs. 
 
Note from Armaiti May: “I’m not aware of studies on the efficacy of vegan glucosamine and sublingual B12 in dogs. It makes intuitive sense that they would be safe and effective to give, and I take both myself, but I [can not make] a blanket recommendation about it without some prior knowledge of its effectiveness.”

Grated raw carrots, beetroot, sprouted lentils and other sprouts and/or barley grass powder are necessary for enzymes and fiber. The raw food additions are essential for vitality (for them and for us). Some authorities recommend adding digestive enzymes to a dog’s diet and the particular kind that dogs need are:  Amylase, Protease, Lipase, Cellulase and Lactase. Harbinger’s of a New Age sells Prozyme; an enzyme supplement for dogs containing these enzymes. Also, another enzyme that may be included is vegan acidophilus.
 
Wheat germ is an important addition for a healthy coat. One teaspoon of bran aids in elimination, if necessary. Dogs manufacture their own vitamin C, but you can supplement the meal with 1/2-1 teaspoon of vitamin C powder (It MUST be Ester-C, non-acidic or buffered, to be gentle on the stomach). Holistic vets have recommended 1,000 milligrams twice daily for healing purposes. If your dog will eat bits of fruit and/or salad with dressing, that is wonderful! Some dogs will and some will turn their nose at such foods.

Taurine is an amino acid (naturally found in meat) that should be supplemented in a vegan dog’s diet. Most dogs can live healthy lives without it, but there are some breeds or older, challenged dogs, that without taurine supplementation, can develop cardiomyopathy (disorders of the heart). (Vegetarian dog specialists and most companies that sell vegan dog food advise adding taurine to the diet of a vegan dog. It is inexpensive and a preventative measure. L-carnitine, also an amino acid naturally found in meat, can be supplemented. A deficiency of this nutrient can also cause dilated cardiomyopathy, a serious illness in which the heart becomes large and flabby and can no longer function. This illness generally strikes middle-aged dogs who are deficient in L-carnitine or taurine because of breed, size, individual genetic makeup, or diet. L-carnitine is expensive and can be bought at your local health food store. Taurine and L-carnitine are amino acids not naturally occuring in plant matter and that dogs can’t synthesize themselves. Please make sure you supplement your vegan dogs with enough to prevent cardiomyopathy. One cardiologist specialist recommended these doses: l-carnitine: 150 mg/kg of body weight taurine: 50 mg/kg of body weight.
 
There has been research that recognizes MSM to be helpful in animals for joint function. For senior dogs showing signs of arthritis or degenerative disc disease, you can try supplementing with vegan glucosamine (see above note from Armaiti May), which is produced by several companies. Bone support vitamins could also be beneficial for these senior dogs. Prescription 2000, Inc., a vegan company in the United States, has both a vegan bone support and vegan glucosamine powder (the powdered form is better).
 
Another supplement that we have included in a vegan dog’s diet is Red Star Vegetarian Support Formula nutritional yeast (for our U.S. readers). Alternatively, you can supplement with a savory nutritional yeast rich in B vitamins and a separate source of Vitamin B12 (either in fortified plant milks or meat analogs) or simply a supplement (this is not something I have read in a study, just something I do because it is safe and may be beneficial).  Although a sprinkle of spirulina is a very good addition to your dog’s meals, I don’t rely on it as a source of B12 because, in humans, it can be a B12 analog and can actually interfere with real B12 (Cyanocobalamin) absorption. Dogs enjoy nori, kelp, and other sea vegetable flakes. They are a good replacement for salt in their diets and rich in trace minerals (or try nori sheets in bite-size pieces added to the meal).
 
Other supplements that can be included in our canine companion’s meals are a teaspoon of soy lecithin for heart function, and The Ultimate Meal (www.TheUltimateLife.com). Co-Enzyme Q10 has been recognized by the holistic veterinary world as quite beneficial for canines, for heart function and for healthy gums. Keep your companion animal’s teeth brushed and clean.
 
Also please note that it is reported that onions and raw garlic are toxic to dogs. Onions can cause the oxidization of red blood cells and lead to anemia. Chocolate can be toxic to dogs and can even be fatal if consumed in large portions. Many animals love the taste of chocolate, however, chocolate contains a stimulant called theobromine, which causes over-stimulation of an animal’s body. All body systems, including the gastrointestinal tract, cardiovascular system, respiratory system, and nervous system, are affected by theobromine. The more concentrated the chocolate, the larger the amount of theobromine present and the greater the risk to pets.
 
Also toxic to dogs are nutmeg, raisins and macadamia nuts. Armaiti May explains:
 
“Macadamia nuts and raisins are also considered toxic to dogs. The toxic principles are unknown, but raisin consumption (especially large quantities) has been correlated with kidney failure in dogs.”

Dr Andy Mars with vegan dog Sukkot

Dogs cannot process excess salt so avoid too much salt.
 
Cats are often more finicky than dogs, and their nutritional requirements are more complicated. Cats have very specific metabolic requirements for several nutrients found naturally in animal products, such as taurine, (an amino acid-like nutrient), the amino-acid L-Arginine, (a protein amino acid present in the proteins of all life forms), arachidonic acid, (an essential fatty acid), according to CVM research. These are found in appreciable levels only in animal tissues. Additionally, cats cannot convert the beta-carotene in plants into vitamin A. Instead, they require “pre-formed” vitamin A. Synthetic versions of these nutrients are available, and it is up to you, the care-giver, to ensure that a cat being fed a vegan diet is receiving the necessary nutrition. Insufficient amounts of vitamin A may cause loss of hearing, as well as problems with skin, bones and the intestinal and reproductive systems. A feline lacking taurine can lose eyesight and could develop cardiomyopathy. 
 
We’ve read and heard claims of thousands of healthy vegan cats, but have not personally experienced this. The cats that have wandered into our lives (we did not choose to bring them into our lives as they are hunters) eat the vegan food supplemented with nutrients designed for vegan cats, but also hunt and eat lizards, spiders, mice, etc. (At least they are eating some vegan food and therefore saving some animals’ lives and evolving towards a more gentle diet). Unless a cat is kept confined inside a home, it will, most likely, have the instinctual need to hunt. The issue of raising cats vegan remains unclear at this stage of our evolution.

On the other hand, you can feel confident that on a balanced cruelty-free diet, your dog will have a sleek and clean body, a healthy coat, and plenty of energy to join you for walks in the country! Our little Magic lived a long healthy life to age 16. Beautiful, a Golden Retriever, lived to age 14, and healthy until the last year of her life. We were told by a top holistic vet that because of inbreeding, Golden Retrievers usually don’t live beyond age 14. Baba lived to age 17 and his face didn’t look a day over 7! Miracles, born with many birth defects, lived many many years beyond his life expectancy given by vets. He was vegan since birth and thrived. His demise was from a cause having nothing to do with nutrition or physical health. Kisses is 10 years young; energetic and athletic like a young dog.
 
Be gentle when switching dogs from an animal-based diet to a vegan diet. Any switch in diet can cause digestive disorders. It may take a few days for some dogs to even want to try this new cuisine and others will take to it right away. We’ve watched our dogs evolve from killing small animals to protecting and cuddling our pet rabbits! Vegan dogs are a wonderful species to get to know. Enjoy!

Vegan, Gentle World’s first vegan dog.

Related contacts for vegan pet food:
www.VegetarianDogs.com offers information on feeding dogs vegan and a book entitled: Vegetarian Dogs: Toward a World Without Exploitation. The book offers recipes for vegan dog food and a wealth of information about nutrition, supplements, exercise, care and ethics for dogs.
Evolution Diet makes ONLY vegan dog and cat food. www.petfoodshop.com
Vegan Pet – Australia’s own all-vegan pet food company, especially knowledgeable on feeding cats vegan. They have superior vegan dog and cat kibble. All ingredients are human-grade.  www.veganpet.com.au or for New Zealand, www.veganpet.co.nz.
Pet Guard – offers two vegan moist dog foods: Dog Vegetarian Feast and Organic Vegetarian Vegan Entrée with the word VEGAN on the label! They also offer Mr. Barkey’s and Mr. Pugsley’s vegan dog biscuits (and many non-vegan products) www.petguard.com
Dick Van Patten’s Natural Balance Pet Food – highly recommended vegan kibble called Natural Balance Vegetarian Formula which contains no soy products. www.NaturalBalanceInc.com 
V-Dog – vegan dog food now in Sacramento, CA. www.v-dogfood.com   or    e-mail: info@v-dogfood.com
Harbingers of a New Age – offers supplementation products to add to your home-cooked whole food meals for vegan cats and dogs and is a source of information. Owner, James Peden, was the first to sell vegan pet food products and has authored a book entitled: Vegetarian Dogs and Cats. www.vegepet.com 
Ami Vegan Dog Food and Pet Products – www.aminews.co.uk
www.VeganCats.com – offers a range of vegan pet products.
Vegan Essentials / Downbound.com – sells Animal Spirit vegan organic dog treats.
VeggiePets.com, based in the U.K., offers information and products.
Wow-Bow Distributors – home made vegan pet treats. Visit them at www.Wow-Bow.com
Doggy Delights are offered on-line.  The vegan treats by this totally vegan company are organic. www.vegan-delights.com or e-mail: vegandelights4u@yahoo.com
Evangers Dog and Cat food Company – offers a vegan canned dog and cat food called ALL FRESH VEGETARIAN DINNER with interesting fresh ingredients. They used to use non-vegan vitamin D3, but have changed to the vegan version, D2. Most of their other products are not vegan.  www.evangersdogfood.com
Boston Baked Bonz – 100% vegan company that markets hand-made dog treats.  www.bostonbakedbonz.com
BiOPet – 100% vegan formula sourced within Australia (they have a non-vegan formula also). The Vitamin D3 in their recipe is synthetic and not sourced from animals. www.biopetonline.com.au
Emma’s K9 Kitchen – vegan dog treat recipes (100% of profits go to Peaceful Prairie Sanctuary)
Natural Life – makes a dry food that is vegan, but most of their products are not. www.nlpp.com

Please note that there are a number of nearly vegan dog foods marketed internationally, but they contain one or two ingredients that are not strictly vegan. For example, they include vitamin D3 (which is reported to be easier to absorb than the plant-based Vitamin D2). For instance, Avo Derm has a vegetarian formula (with avocado), but the vitamin A and D may originate from an animal source. Nature’s Recipe vegetarian canned dog food also may have animal derived vitamin sources and most of their products are not vegan. And Wysong Vegan is not vegan, even though that is the actual name of the product, because of animal derived vitamin D3. The manufacturer also meant this product to be a supplement only, not a complete source of nutrition and it does not meet protein requirements for cats. Otherwise it does contain extremely high quality ingredients.
 
There is also controversy as to whether ‘Menadione’ a source of Vitamin K should or should not be added to dog food. You can read up on this issue at www.dogfoodproject.com, and make the decision for yourself.

Being a responsible guardian for any animal means making an effort to ensure that your animal’s diet is nutritionally complete, just as you would for yourself. The best thing you can do is to continue to keep yourself informed, as there is new research being released all the time. To feel secure in your decisions, we suggest that you do some personal research as to the nutritional requirements of your dog’s specific breed. But also know that it is easy to feed dogs vegan. Even dogs who turn their noses up at vegan food when it is initially offered, will change their mind the next day when they get hungry! And within days, they eat with gusto, like they never were carnivorous!

Our dogs have all made remarkable transformations on the vegan diet, both in physical health and in temperament. And for the committed vegan, it’s a beautiful way to love your dog even more, to share with him or her the joys of being cruelty-free.

For more information on feeding your dogs a vegan diet, visit The Vegan Dog Nutrition Association
and www.VegetarianDogs.com, which offers information on feeding dogs a vegan diet and a book entitled:
Vegetarian Dogs: Toward a World Without Exploitation. The book offers recipes for vegan dog food and a wealth of information about nutrition, supplements, exercise, care and ethics for dogs.

Another viewpoint on feeding pets vegan: www.all-creatures.org/articles/petfood-vegan.html
 

The following is from vegan vet, Armaiti May:
www.veganvet.net
 
What follows is a summary I’ve come up with of additional potential benefits of a vegetarian diet for dogs as well as potential health concerns – especially concerning cats on a vegan diet. 

In my clinical practice treating dogs and cats, one of the most common ailments I diagnose and treat in dogs is skin allergies.  Recurrent skin allergies (itching, scratching, biting, licking, leading to recurrent inflammation and infection of the skin) are usually due to one of the following (and sometimes a combination of these factors):  (1) flea allergy dermatitis (the most commonly diagnosed); (2) food allergy (occurs in about 10-20% of cases); and (3) atopy, which is an allergy to something in the environment, such as house dust mites, pollen, grass, etc.  Atopy is relatively uncommon.  Most of the time a dog has a food allergy it is to a meat protein such as beef, chicken, or one of the other common meat sources.  Vegetarian diets may bring these food allergic dogs relief from their skin allergies.  A smaller percentage of dogs are allergic to soy, which may limit choices of commercially available vegetarian diets.  In that case, if a caretaker wishes to feed a vegan diet, a homemade diet may be the next best option, but even more care must be taken to insure appropriate nutrient balance and supplements may need to be added to the diet.http://www.vegepet.com/) which requires the caretaker to make home-baked kibble using the supplement mix and the vegan recipe provided by HOANA.http://www.petfoodshop.com/) and V-dog (http://v-dogfood.com/).http://www.carnitine-taurine.com/index.htm contains info on ordering supplements of taurine and carnitine for affected dogs. If someone has one of the predisposed breeds, it may be beneficial to supplement with taurine and/or carnitine if not already present in the vegetarian diet, in conjunction with consulting one’s veterinarian.www.vegepets.info, a site created and maintained by a veterinarian in the U.K. who is an avid supporter of animal rights.

For both ethical and health reasons, many vegetarians and vegans choose to feed their companion dogs and cats vegetarian or vegan diets. Up to 50% of commercial pet food brands are comprised of “meat meal” and “byproducts,” which include various body parts (such as beaks, brain, spinal cord tissue, bones, lungs, intestinal tracts) slaughterhouse wastes, 4-D meat (from dead, dying, diseased or disabled animals), supermarket rejects, as well as rendered dogs and cats from animal shelters. Other contaminants which have been found in commercial dog and cat foods include old restaurant grease complete with high concentrations of dangerous free radicals and trans fatty acids; PCBs, heavy metals and other toxins, particularly from fish; bacterial, protozoal, fungal, viral, and prion contaminants, along with their associated endotoxins and mycotoxins; hormone and antibiotic residues; and dangerous preservatives. Many speculate that the dramatic increase in incidences of cancers, kidney failure, and many other degenerative diseases in our companion animals in recent years may be due to the harmful ingredients in many commercial meat-based pet foods. This has led people to feed alternative diets.

Although cats are biologically carnivores, in many cases they can be successfully maintained on a vegan diet as long as it meets all of the nutritional requirements specific to cats and their overall health is adequately monitored, with particular attention to urinary tract health especially in male cats. Cats require the same nine essential amino acids that are needed in the diet of all mammals. However, in addition, cats also require arginine and taurine. Taurine is found naturally in meat but can be supplied in synthetic form. (In fact, most of the commercially available meat-based cat foods are supplemented with synthetic taurine.)  Without adequate taurine, cats will suffer retinal damage and go blind and may also develop dilated cardiomyopathy (a type of heart disease). Other essential nutrients that cats require include arachidonic acid and vitamins  A and D, which can also be supplied to formulate a balanced, nutritionally complete vegan diet for cats. 

One problem which can afflict cats on a nutritionally balanced and complete vegan diet is FLUTD (feline lower urinary tract disease), which is a syndrome that is more likely to occur if urinary struvite crystals or stones form secondary to urinary alkalinization and a diet too high in magnesium.  Due to anatomical differences, male cats are much more likely to get FLUTD and urinary obstruction, but female cats can (rarely) be affected as well. Ensuring adequate water intake is important for preventing excessive urine crystals, and eventually stones as well.  This can be accomplished by feeding a canned diet, adding water to dry food, or adding a pinch of salt to food to stimulate thirst. Cats on a vegan diet can develop abnormally alkaline (high pH) urine due to the more alkaline pH of plant based proteins in comparison to the acidic pH of meat-based foods which cats have evolved to eat.  When the urine pH becomes too alkaline, there is an increased risk of formation of struvite (also known as magnesium ammonium phosphate) bladder crystals and/or stones.  Calcium oxalate stones can also occur, but these do not occur if the urine is too alkaline, but rather if it is too acidic.  Such stones can create irritation and infection of the urinary tract and require veterinary treatment.  In male cats who form such crystals or stones, they can suffer more severe consequences than simply irritation or infection of the urinary tract because the stones can actually cause an obstruction of the urethra so the cat cannot urinate.  This is a life-threatening emergency requiring immediate veterinary care; this involves passing a urinary catheter to relieve the obstruction, placing an indwelling urinary catheter, and starting supportive intravenous fluid therapy, along with appropriate pain management and antibiotics if indicated.  These “blocked” cats frequently need to be hospitalized and monitored closely for several days before they can go home and the associated veterinary fees can easily be between $1000-$1200. Depending on the duration and severity, urinary blockage can be fatal due to accumulation of toxins in the bloodstream and/or complications associated with urinary bladder rupture, tears in the urethra, and damage to the lining of the bladder and urethra from stones, crystals, and even the catheterization itself.  The sooner a problem is identified and the cat is treated, the better the prognosis for recovery.  As a practicing veterinarian, I have had several cats with life-threatening urinary blockage come in to see me.  (None of these cats were on a vegan diet, to my knowledge.)  To emphasize the severity of this condition, I will add that one of these cats was euthanized due to re-blockage after catheterization and lack of caretaker finances to pursue treatment further (especially in light of the worsening prognosis, as cats who block once are at a high risk for blocking again), and another cat had to be referred to a specialist for surgical repair of a urethral tear.  Some cats who get blocked repeatedly require a highly specialized (and expensive, ~$2000) surgery called a perineal urethrostomy (PU).

Therefore, cat guardians who decide to put their cat on a vegan diet should bring their cat to their veterinarian to have the urine pH tested 1-2 weeks after switching them to a vegan diet and then once a month for the first several months to ensure the pH remains stable.  If the pH is too high, there are urinary acidifiers which may help the urine pH to be more acidic.  Urinary acidifiers that may be used include methionine, vitamin C, and sodium bisulfate.  James Peden, author of “Vegetarian Cats and Dogs” states there are also natural urinary acidifiers, including asparagus, peas, brown rice, oats, lentils, garbanzos, corn, Brussels sprouts, lamb’s quarters (the herb Chenopodium album, also known as pigweed), most nuts (except almonds and coconut), grains (not millet), and wheat gluten (used in kibble recipes).  Once the pH is regulated (with or without the use of appropriate urinary acidifiers, the urine pH should be checked at least twice a year.  If a cat shows signs of pain or straining while using the litter box, immediate veterinary attention should be sought.  It is important to not supplement the cat’s diet with urinary acidifiers unless it is actually needed because a too acidic pH can cause a different kind of stone to form (calcium oxalate stones). While many cats appear to thrive on a vegan diet, there are also many anecdotal reports of cats having recurring urinary tract problems, including urinary tract infections associated with previous urethral obstructions caused by crystal formation.

For cat guardians who find it too tedious to monitor their cat’s urine pH, they should perhaps consider not keeping a cat as a companion. Another option is a special pH-adjusted vegan formula available through Harbingers of a New Age(

Also, many cats are very picky eaters.  Although adding vegan mock meats and nutritional yeast to flavor vegan cat food will encourage many cats to eat it, there may be many cats who still refuse to eat, especially if they are sick. Cats who are anorectic for a prolonged period are at high risk for developing hepatic lipidosis, or fatty liver syndrome, which is a serious condition requiring extended hospitalized care. Some cats may require more patience and a gradual transition from a meat-based diet to a vegan diet if they have been accustomed to eating a meat-based diet.  Most commercial pet foods contain “digest” which consists of partially digested chicken entrails, that makes the food more palatable.

On the positive side, many cat and dog guardians have reported improved overall health, vitality, coat quality, and fewer problems with skin allergies, food allergies, and various degenerative diseases. 

A recent study published in JAVMA (Journal of American Veterinary Medical Association) by Gray, Christina M.; Sellon, Rance K.; Freeman, Lisa M. Nutritional Adequacy of Two Vegan Diets for Cats. J Amer Vet Med Assoc 2004, 225(11):1670-1675 showed two commercially available vegetarian cat foods (Vegecat KibbleMix and Evolution canned diet for adult cats) to be deficient in several key nutrients. The two vegan diets were subjected to nutritional analysis and compared to Association of American Feed Control Officials (AAFCO) nutrient profiles for the maintenance of adult cats. The Evolution food was determined to be deficient in protein, methionine, taurine, arachidonic acid, vitamin A, pyroxidine, and niacin. Vegecat KibbleMix was found to be deficient in methionine, taurine, arachidonic acid, and pyroxidine.  According to both of these vegan cat food companies, thousands of the cats on their diets are healthy, which raises the question of how this could be if the diets are truly inadequate.  Only one sample of each diet was used in this study, so it is entirely possible that the sample represented a rare occurrence of a mixing error at the factory, but this still raises legitimate concerns about the quality control measures (or lack of appropriate quality control measures) at these companies.  The manufacturer of Harbingers of a New Age (producer of Vegecat KibbleMix) expressed shock at the results of the study and showed an intent to find and correct the source of the problems in the production of his cat food supplements. In response to the results of the study, Eric Weisman, Evolution Diet CEO (2004) stated, “We have ten to twenty thousand healthy and long living dogs, cats and ferrets living on the Evolution Diet. … Major animal sanctuaries use our products and stand behind them. These sanctuaries use our products because they have lower rates of illness and mortality when their animals are placed on our foods.” It is unclear whether any reliable quality control measures have been instituted since the publishing of these results. A survey of the health of cats on various vegan diets was performed by a veterinary student at University of Pennsylvania and published in the Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association in July 2006. It showed that most of the cats surveyed on a vegan diet did not suffer from subnormal taurine blood levels and were for the most part in good general health.

In summary, more studies are needed to document the health of cats on a vegan diet in the scientific literature. More rigorous quality control measures need to be implemented at the factories of vegan pet foods to prevent future mistakes in mixing and consequent inadequate diets. Guardians need to be educated about the potential health benefits and risks associated with meat-based and vegetarian diets, and should demand appropriate quality control assurance from any pet food manufacturer they do business with. It is also crucial that future studies involving nutritional adequacy of a particular diet test many samples of the diet in question rather than just one.

Dogs are much easier to maintain on a vegan diet than are cats. Dogs can be healthy and in fact, thrive on a vegetarian or vegan diet, as long as all necessary nutrient requirements are met. Dogs are biologically omnivorous, and can adapt well to a plant-based diet which meets all their nutritional needs. It’s important that the food have good bioavailability (digestibility) as well as palatability.  The transition to a plant-based diet should be a gradual change (mixing the 2 foods in different proportions until the new food is given exclusively) to minimize the occurrence of gastrointestinal disturbances (such as diarrhea and sometimes vomiting). When evaluating a pet food, care should be taken to make sure it is labeled as meeting the nutritional standards of the US Association of American Feed Control Officials (AAFCO). The largest manufacturer’s of vegetarian dog food in the U.S. are Evolution (

In my clinical practice treating dogs, one of the most common ailments I diagnose and treat in dogs is skin allergies. Recurrent skin allergies (itching, scratching, biting, licking, leading to recurrent inflammation and infection of the skin) are usually due to one of the following (and sometimes a combination of these factors):  (1) flea allergy dermatitis (the most commonly diagnosed); (2) food allergy (occurs in about 10-20% of cases); and (3) atopy, which is an allergy to something in the environment, such as house dust mites, pollen, grass, etc. Atopy is relatively uncommon.  Most of the time a dog has a food allergy it is to a meat protein such as beef, chicken, or one of the other common meat sources.  Vegetarian diets may bring these food allergic dogs relief from their skin allergies. A smaller percentage of dogs are allergic to soy, which may limit choices of commercially available vegetarian diets.  In that case, if a caretaker wishes to feed a vegan diet, a homemade diet may be the next best option, but even more care must be taken to insure appropriate nutrient balance and supplements may need to be added to the diet.

Although dry kibble is generally better for dental health, if the dog is predisposed to urinary problems such as urinary crystals, canned (moist) food would be a better choice because the higher water intake helps to dilute out the urine and reduce the incidence of crystal and stone formation. One of the potential risks associated with vegetarian diets in dogs is the occurrence of struvite crystals, which are more likely to occur if the urine pH becomes too alkaline. (This problem affects certain breeds of dog more commonly; the affected breeds include shih tzus, miniature schnauzers, bichon frises, miniature poodles, cocker spaniels, and Lhasa apsos.)  Adding water to the dry food or encouraging the dog to drink water would be another way to address the issue of urine concentration which is related to crystal formation (the more dilute the urine, the less likely crystals are to form. To avoid any problems associated with urinary alkalinization secondary to the dog being on a vegetarian diet, I recommend that 2-3 weeks after switching the dog from a meat-based to a plant-based diet that he/she be brought to a veterinarian to have a urinalysis performed. This simple test will show what the urine pH is, as well as whether or not struvite crystals are present, therefore heading off any problems before they start. If the urine pH is too high (too alkaline) and/or struvite crystals are present, various acidifying agents can be used.

Although diet-related problems are unlikely to occur for dogs on a nutritionally complete and balanced diet, certain dog breeds are predisposed to DCM (dilated cardiomyopathy), a form of heart disease which may be influenced by lack of sufficient intake of taurine and/or carnitine (amino acids which are naturally occurring in flesh foods but can be added to the diet via synthetic supplements which are readily available.  Doberman pinschers, boxers, “giant breeds” (Scottish deerhounds, Irish wolfhounds, Great Danes, Saint Bernards, Afghan hounds), and cocker spaniels are the dog breeds predisposed to DCM. The role of carnitine and taurine in the therapy of DCM remains controversial. American cocker spaniels with dilated cardiomyopathy generally respond favorably to taurine supplementation. Those not responding to taurine will often respond to the addition of L-carnitine. This

Diseases such as diabetes, arthritis, digestive disorders, cystitis, kidney and liver disease, skin problems, obesity, thyroid dysfunction and various cancers are becoming more common in our domesticated animals.  This increase in disease incidence is attributed in part to commercial pet foods as well as over-vaccination.

For more information about vegetarian/vegan diets for dogs and cats, I recommend www.vegepets.info, a site created and maintained by a veterinarian in the U.K. who is an avid supporter of animal rights.

Hello world!

My blog was moved from WindowsLive to here.. Not that bad although it may take a little time to fix this blog.

Will be back soon!

Mon blog a été déménagé de WindowsLive à ici.. Ce n’est pas si mal bien qu’il me faudra un peu de temps pour comprendre comment tout fonctionne sur WordPress.

Je reviens bientot !

Anouk ♥

Something to think about.. cool   ♥ Une bonne question .. Lequel aime-t-on, lequel mange-t-on, Pourquoi ?

 

 From Gary L. Francione’s blog .. Although I fully support PETA, I also agree withe Francione’s strict vegan views. Not easy to get things moving BUT most important is that the Vegan movement is progressing .. Most vegans in France are not abolitonist vegans morever many of them support the Meat and Milk industries by promoting their products that target the vegetarians.. a little like the McDonalds story

 La réponse de Gary LFrancione à une déclaration d’Ingrid Newkirk. Bien que je supporte entièrement PETA parce que pour le moment aucune autre organisation en France n’envoit les messages sur le végétaLisme, je comprends la position de Francione sur le veganisme. Nous voyons autour de nous trop de gens (en France) qui militent pour les droits des animaux tout en parlant avec larmes du végétalisme et qui pourtant lorsque nous lisons leurs blogs ou leurs commentaires sur des artilcles traitant de la souffrance animale, mentionnent manger “de temps en temps” des viandes animales, ou “ne pas pouvoir se priver de fromages ou de laitages animaux”.

Rester dans la tolérance d’un mauvais juste milieu ne fait que cautionner les maltraitances animales même si c’est indirect.

Mes recettes végétaLiennes sont maintenant également relayées en plus du Myspace sur le site JARDIN VEGAN

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Dear Colleagues:

In an article in Time Magazine, PETA co-founder Ingrid Newkirk discusses “flexitarianism,” or “[p]art-time vegetarianism.”

The goal for many activists is simply to get more people to eat less meat. “Absolute purists should be living in a cave,” says Ingrid Newkirk, president of People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA). “Anybody who witnesses the suffering of animals and has a glimmer of hope of reducing that suffering can’t take the position that it’s all or nothing. We have to be pragmatic. Screw the principle.”

We can make several observations about Newkirk’s statements:

First, Newkirk repeats the mantra of the new welfarist movement: that animal welfare reforms actually reduce suffering. The reforms that are promoted by PETA and the other new welfarist groups for the most part do not provide significant welfare benefits for animals. They just represent a different form of torture. Waterboarding someone on a bare board and waterboarding them on a padded board is still waterboarding.

Moreover, for the most part, industry would eventually adopt these reforms anyway because they generally increase production efficiency. Giving slightly more space to veal calves or using alternatives to the gestation crate result in increased animal productivity, lower veterinary costs, and a better bottom line for producers. PETA explicitly recognizes that gassing chickens is an economically efficient thing to do. The symbiotic relationship between large animal groups and institutional exploiters is clear when we see that groups like PETA and institutional exploiters are involved in a drama whereby animal advocates target an economically vulnerable practice; industry puts up a token fight; the reform, or some modification of the reform, is eventually accepted because it does not harm, and usually helps, industry; the animal groups declare victory; the animal exploiters bask in the praise that industry gets from animal advocates. Only the animals lose.

Second, Newkirk conveniently ignores that the relentless promotion of these welfare reforms by PETA and other new welfarist groups and the claims that these reforms make exploitation more “humane” make the public feel more comfortable about consuming animals and, as a result, consumption increases. It is interesting to note that per capita consumption of animal products is going up and not down. When groups like PETA give an award to slaughterhouse designer Temple Grandin, or praise animal flesh/products peddlers, or call off the boycott of KFC in Canada because KFC agreed to phase in buying gassed chickens from producers, what does that say to the public? It is nothing less than one big stamp of “animal rights” approval.

PETA has made it possible for people who eat at KFC in Canada or at McDonald’s, or who buy “happy” meat or other animal products at Whole Foods, to proclaim themselves as “animal rights” advocates.

It should be increasingly clear that the “happy meat/animal products” movement is a giant step backwards.

Third, Newkirk conveniently misses the most important point in the debate whether to pursue a clear vegan moral baseline or instead to pursue welfare reforms.

It’s a zero-sum game. That is, we live in a world of limited resources. Every cent of money; every second of time; every bit of effort that we devote to welfare reform is less money, time, and labor that we devote to clear, unequivocal vegan advocacy. If the large new welfaist corporations put all of their resources into vegan advocacy, they could reduce suffering and death by reducing demand and helping to shift the paradigm away from the notion that animals are things that we can use if we treat them “humanely” to the notion that animals are beings with inherent moral value whom we should not be using at all.

Consider the following example: you have one hour to spend today on animal advocacy. Should you spend that hour educating people about eating cage-free eggs or about not eating eggs (or animal products) at all? You cannot do both and to the extent that you tell people—as these organizations do—that they can satisfy their moral obligations to animals by eating cage-free eggs or other “happy” animal products, you virtually guarantee that the best that will happen is that people will choose a different form of torture rather than no torture at all.

The choice is not, as Newkirk suggests, between reducing suffering or promoting veganism. It is only by promoting veganism—by working on the demand side of the equation rather than the supply side (the focus on welfare reforms)—that we will reduce suffering—and death.

A related point is that it is not just suffering that matters, as Newkirk suggests; killing matters as well. Newkirk apparently buys into Peter Singer’s view that animals for the most part do not have an interest in continuing to live but only have an interest in not suffering. I reject this view as a factual matter. To deny that any sentient being has an interest in continuing to live is absurd. All sentient beings prefer, or want, or desire to continue to live. The welfarist position, which Newkirk and Singer accept, is that animal life per se has no moral value. Perhaps this accounts for why PETA kills most of the animals it takes in at its Norfolk facility. In any event, I reject that view as speciesist.

As long as the issue is how we treat animals, as long as we think that we are justified in exploiting them as long as we treat them “humanely,” and not that we cannot justify animal exploitation, however “humane” it is, the paradigm will never shift.

Fourth, I understand why animal businesses like PETA promote “flexitarian” principles and are hostile to veganism. They want the biggest donor base possible. According to a PETA executive, half of PETA’s membership is not even vegetarian. If you want those people to make contributions and leave you in their wills, you need to make them feel good about their continued exploitation of animals. If you want to hobnob with Hollywood celebrities and other famous people who consume animals, you cannot have a clear vegan policy. So, instead, you have a position that includes everyone but, precisely because it does not rule out any behavior as morally unacceptable, the position means nothing.

The moral schizophrenia is astounding. PETA routinely condemns institutional animal exploiters but then fails to acknowledge that the consumers who demand animal products—including all those PETA members who are not vegan—are the animal exploiters who create the demand in the first place.

In sum, it is sad that the biggest opponents of veganism as a moral baseline are so-called animal advocates like Newkirk and Singer (1; 2). It is distressing when Newkirk’s response to principled veganism is, “Screw the principle,” or that those who advocate principled veganism “should be living in a cave.”

It is a matter of concern when those who cry the loudest that veganism is difficult or daunting are so-called animal advocates.

Please understand I am not questioning Newkirk’s sincerity. I just sincerely believe that she is very, very wrong.

If you are not vegan, please consider going vegan. Don’t buy into the false dichotomy between flesh and other animal products. There is no morally coherent distinction between flesh and other animal products. Animals used for dairy generally live longer, are treated as badly if not worse than animals raised for meat, and they end their lives in the same hideous slaughterhouses as do their meat counterparts.

Going vegan is easy (despite what some large animal organizations claim); it is better for your health; it is better for the planet; and, most important, it is the morally right thing to do. Veganism is not a matter of compassion or mercy; it is a matter of fundamental justice.

Veganism is the least that we owe to nonhuman sentients.

Gary L. Francione
© 2010 Gary L. Francione

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